In the environmental scenario, the coal has become theblack man of history and, in Italy, there are many coal-contaminated water. The dramatic situation was noted by the ARPA (Regional Environmental Protection Agency) of Brindisi, in Puglia, which confirmed the water contamination caused by the coal power plant Frederick II of Enel.
There coal power plant Enel in Brindisi, according to various press releases of the Arpa analyzes, not only pollutes the air and earth but the flooding of the trench of the belt that carries the coal caused a spill of coal powders who reached the sea near the plant. The ARPA has given the order to block the dewatering pumps that were working to free the conveyor belt from the rain of the past days. The reason? L'water is contaminated with carbon, to affirm it is the ARPA.
The complaint also comes from WWF Italy who commented in disbelief on the incident: "it seems impossible that there is no environmental emergency plan of the company and public bodies, in the event of climatic events, capable of preventing yet another "human error".
The question of coal power station of Brindisi it is not new. Even now the cultivation of the land adjacent to the plant is impossible, in addition, the discharges produced by the water pumps could contain coal powders whose danger is well known. The coal powders represent a risk to the environment and health, just think of PAHs (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) that characterize the organic part of powders L'arsenic and mercury which characterize the mineral component of powders of coal.
“At sea the pollutants they spread with extreme ease, depositing on the bottom and remaining in suspension and with equal ease they enter the food chain and, due to their toxic and carcinogenic, mutagenic and teratogenic properties, cause direct damage to marine species, and arrive on our tables. Moreover water discharges with high concentrations of dust they can locally cause a lowering of the oxygen concentration in the water, acting as a filter for the light and numbing the water. Needless to say, the repetition of these "aggressions" is compromising the entire ecosystem. "
The Italian territory is particularly fragile. Events similar to that of Brindisi occurred in other locations where the spill of coal powders took place directly at sea. Fortunately, in these cases, the prompt intervention of the authorities and technicians limited the damage. The presence of coal powders in our waterways, in land and in the sea, it represents a environmental damage of very high entity with heavy repercussions on fauna and flora, both terrestrial and marine.