When it comes to photovoltaic Italy can smile: 2012 closed with a product of 18,800 GWh of electricity, over 8 thousand Gwh more than in 2011 and 100 times more than in 2008. A figure that continues to grow, just think of the installed capacity in first three months of this 2013: in January we installed new plants for a capacity of 232 megawatts (MW), in February 126 MW and 214 MW in March.
In the last four years, in Italy, the electricity production coming from photovoltaic it almost multiplied by 100, by 97 to be precise. Italian families, even if they don't buy clean energy, they can take a look at their Enel bills and scrutinize where they come from: more than 20 percent of the energy that powers every Italian family comes from photovoltaic. Taking up an Enel bill, we read that in 2010 the composition of the energy mix accounted for 29.8 percent of renewable energy, an estimate that in 2011 it reached 38.4 percent. The energy mix includes renewable sources, immediately followed by coal, natural gas, petroleum products, nuclear and other sources. Overall, renewables produced 92,460 GWh.
In 2012 a capacity of 16.35 GW of solar power was installed which brought a capacity of 18,800 GWh to Italy. These are the data released by GSE on the situation of electric renewables in Italy. With the photovoltaic, in the report, there is also a strong growth in wind power, especially as regards production: with 13,900 GWh in 2012 it produced over4 thousand GWh more than in 2011 and about 3 times what it gave in 2008.
As for the other sources, bioenergy is growing with 1,400 GWh more than in 2011. Bioenergy has doubled the production of electricity compared to 2008 with 12,250 GWh. The other sources of clean energy are stable, the largest continues to be hydroelectric with a production, in 2012, of 41,940 GWh. According to the GSE report, the renewables in Italynow contribute to 27% of gross domestic electricity consumption.
One question we can all ask ourselves is: where do the solar cells installed in Italy? Unfortunately, Europe does not protect our own producers, so most of them are Chinese imports.