To obtain the organic label, a farm must go through a period of a couple of years, defined as "period of conversion to organic farming". In this article we have explained all the procedures necessary to access the organic certification, today we will talk about the agricultural techniques that distinguish the organic brand.
Who wants to get the organic certification will have to unravel the legislation governing the choices and use of plant protection products. We talk about the legislation with the Dlg n. 150 of 14/08/2012 and the subsequent National Action Plan with the transposition of Directive 2009/128 / EC. The subject is so dense that specifically for organic farming, Regulations n. 834/2007 and 899/2008, as well as the Ministerial Decree 18354 of 11/27/2009 which in the national context has better defined some aspects necessary to obtain the organic certification. The tough regulations cited were published respectively in number 189 of 20/07/2007 and number 250 of 18/09/2008 of the Official Journal of the European Community.
Which products can be used in organic farming?
Who requests the organic certification must aim at the protection of crops through the establishment of biological equilibrium, choosing species and varieties most suitable for the environment of interest (soil and climate) and respecting crop rotation. Balanced soil management, with techniques for monitoring climatic parameters and weeds, will help the grower to understand whether to act with plant protection products. The plant protection products allowed in organic farming are listed in Annex II of EC Regulation 899/2008.
Almost all the active ingredients allowed in organic farming are of natural origin, often derived from plant species, some examples include: pheromones, spinosad, microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, viruses), natural pyretins, soy lecithin, vegetable oils, ferric phosphate, copper, ethylene (to prevent fly attacks in citrus fruits and other fruits such as bananas, kiwis and persimmons), paraffin oil, calcium hydroxide (to counteract some types of fungi) ...
Some products, although present in the lists of "plant protection products for organic farming ", are no longer authorized therefore, if you intend to access the organic certification the use of: quassia, rotenone and potassium permanganate is not recommended. Furthermore, in the EC Regulation 889/2008, plant protection products are mentioned that can be used in Europe but which are not allowed in Italian organic farming, therefore, to obtain the organic certification the following active substances should not be used: gelatin, quartz sand, diammonium phosphate, potassium alum, potassium bicarbonate ... As stated, disentangle the regulations that dictate the law within the organic certifications, it is by no means an easy undertaking.