There photoreproduction, which consists of the hydrogen production by means ofsolar power, is one of the open borders of the solar advanced. This technology is very interesting because it can constitute a solar energy storage system, by its intermittent nature (it is known that this is the greatest limit of solar energy).
At the Research Center for Unconventional Energy - ENI Donegani Institute of Novara, some nano-structured materials have already been synthesized, including titanium dioxide in the form of nanotubes and tungsten and iron oxide, for the conversion of light into chemical energy in the water splitting cycle in hydrogen and oxygen. The procedure is original and has been patented with an extension abroad.
Solar advanced, but not only. For over 70 years the Center for non-conventional energies - ENI Donegani Institute has been one of the most prestigious industrial research centers in Europe and is engaged in the research and development of innovative technologies in various fields of chemistry (catalysis, polymers, fine chemistry), leveraging on extensive expertise from molecular modeling, to organic and inorganic chemical syntheses. From homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis to the reproduction of new polymers and technologies for their characterization.
The activities of the Center have long focused on the research project 'Along whit Petroleum', launched by ENI in 2007 and aimed at achieving technological breakthroughs in the use ofsolar power and biomass, which according to ENI represent the renewable sources with the greatest potential for sustainable use, both from an environmental and an economic point of view, on a large scale.
The objective of the research on solar (for example luminescent solar concentrators, photoreproduction of hydrogen and organic solar cells) is basically to make the costs of electricity from photovoltaics comparable with those from fossil sources.