The home compost it is a fertilizer that is obtained from an entirely natural process, thanks to which waste destined for disposal is reduced by 30%. The compost, consisting of organic waste, has great benefits on the environmental impact since it avoids the negative impacts related to the production and disposal of waste. By organic waste we mean kitchen waste, coffee grounds, food scraps, egg shells, bedding of small pets, flowers and domestic plants, extinguished ashes from fireplaces, tree pruning, untreated wood.
Home compost, how production takes place
The composting activity is composed of two phases:
- bio-oxidation, is the active phase in which the degradation processes of the organic components take place, which degrade more easily
- ripening, is the phase in which the compost stabilizes thanks to the transformation processes of the organic substance into humic substance.
If you have a small garden you can devote yourself to the composting technique.
To compost organic waste we can use different techniques:
- through the arrangement of waste in heaps
- through specific containers called composters or composter, which you can buy in DIY stores or build. In this sense it is sufficient to have a simple rolled iron net.
To make the DIY composter, the net must be 4 meters long and 1.5 meters high. For the construction just roll it up, overlap it by 20 cm and embed it in the ground for 20 cm deep. Attach poles around the circumference to hold the composter firmly and close any openings with wire.
Home compost, useful tips
- Place the composter on bare and flat ground, in the shade in summer and in the sun in winter and wet the material constantly, to maintain humidity.
- To have a good compost, there must be a perfect balance between wet and dry, therefore you must alternate between a dry layer and a wet layer: in this way there will be material to decompose thanks to the microorganisms and material rich in fiber to be able to form the compost.
- Form the first layer with bundles of wood or otherwise dry material, to facilitate the passage of air and avoid unpleasant odors
- Reverse every now and then
The compost matures after about 5-6 months. When ready it will appear as a dark and fine soil, ready to fertilize the garden.