We may not have noticed it because the crisis has distracted us, but in the last 3 years in Italy 360 thousand companies have invested in green technologies and 240 thousand jobs (38% of hires in 2012) were created by companies from green economy. What is needed now is a great one Green Plan national divided into 3 lines: cities, laboratories of experiments in green economy; the enhancement of the territory; the efficient use of resources.
Of Green Plan for the green economy was discussed on 12 September in Rome in the National Programmatic Assembly dedicated to Regions and Local Authorities in preparation of the States General of the Green Economy, the event organized by National Council of the Green Economy - in collaboration with the Ministries of the Environment and Economic Development and with the technical support of Foundation for Sustainable Development - which will take place on 6 and 7 November next in Rimini as part of Ecomondo.
During the meeting it was emphasized that the green economy it is not just the transition from a traditional economy to agreener economy, but it presupposes a radical change in society. A change that will be more radical and effective if it is generated by the territory and by the local communities that interpret people's needs in a more widespread way. The roadmap drawn up by Regions and Local Bodies foresees 5 stages contained in a document.
1) Structural Funds programming to develop innovation in businesses and territories. In the 2007-2013 cycle, the Structural Funds (ERDF, ESF and EAFRD) made around € 66 billion available and intercepted sectors that fall fully within the field of the green economy. To strengthen a green path of the Funds, the Plan proposes that the Regions converge in proposing coordinated measures at national level on the green economy in order to create critical mass; that the Regions coordinate to implement a homogeneous monitoring system; and that resources are used to intervene on the Capacity Building of local authorities.
2) Public and private green markets. In 2010, public administration spending for the purchase of products and services amounted to 16.3% of GDP (approximately 252 billion euros). It is therefore important to consider the potential of public and private green purchases of goods and services as a green lever for relaunching the production system and the green evolution of public procurement. To do this, you need: to facilitate the achievement of the 50% green procurement goal, by offering support tools to Regions and Local Bodies; promote training in Public Administrations and economic operators and encourage the flow of correct and timely information to create a new culture and sensitivity at contracting stations; focus on consumer awareness to support green product qualification initiatives; take the city as a privileged area of reference to operate on the qualification of key sectors of the national economy with interventions on innovation and research (smart cities) and urban regeneration.
3) Credit and environmental taxation. Hydro-geological rehabilitation and prevention, redevelopment of historic centers, energy renovation in buildings, urban transport, waste are some sectors that need capital with long-term returns. It is therefore necessary: to give a multi-year time horizon to the tax bonuses of 65% and 55%; reformulate the mix of fiscal instruments of national, regional and municipal competence in order to favor the stimulation of eco-compatible production and consumption; develop forms of taxation proportional to the effective exploitation of environmental and energy resources; intervene on the regulation of the relationship between Local Authorities and Esco in order to favor the implementation of energy efficiency measures for public assets; activate new financial instruments and products.
4) Development of public-private partnerships. Regions and local authorities can play a strategic role in promoting the development of public-private partnerships to support businesses and business combinations in relation to eco-innovation issues. It is therefore necessary to give impetus at the national level for the transformation of industrial districts into eco-districts; establish and encourage forms of private public participation that facilitate research and development of green innovation; to support specific activities for the enhancement of Italian products also in terms of environmental qualification.
5) Protection and enhancement of territories. The green economy also includes actions aimed at protecting and enhancing territories, natural areas and ecosystems, and preventing hydrogeological instability. To achieve these objectives, the document approved by the National Council of the Green Economy proposes to define mechanisms and tools to unlock the possibility of intervention by local authorities, allowing, for example, to derogate from the stability pact for the cost of prevention, protection and territorial security; provide for bonuses for public bodies able to demonstrate their commitment to improving environmental, territorial and landscape aspects; apply framework directive 98/08 / EC and the producer responsibility principle for integrated waste management; finance experimental projects to promote new opportunities for sustainable economic development in the territories.