The figure ofenergy manager was born in the Anglo-Saxon world at the time of the first oil crisis in 1973. The particularly serious emergency prompted decision-makers to entrust a competent and capable person - endowing them with the necessary power and means - with the task of facing and resolving the energy emergency . Without the obvious distinctions, the analogies with the current situation in which the energy manager 'is back in fashion' just happen to be.
Today the FIRE - Italian Federation for the Rational Use of Energy - manages the appointments of energy manager and elaborates the initiatives to promote their role and the exchange of experiences through a network. The presence of a energy manager specifically appointed is in fact mandatory (Law 10/1991) for all public and private 'energy consumers' who exceed the consumption of 10,000 toe per year (in the case of industries) or 1,000 toe per year (organizations of all the others sectors). Law 10/91 considers theenergy manager the 'responsible for the conservation and rational use of energy' defines the tasks and traces the ideal profile.
Here is the point: what does theenergy manager in a company? What exactly are its duties? How is it framed and what is its decision-making power? The law does not say this and it is up to companies, and to the PA, to organize themselves in order to make the most of the potential ofenergy manager, also in light of the importance of the energy issue on an economic and environmental level.
For many years, energy was considered a fixed cost by companies, but its growing weight and people's increased environmental awareness make it a priority-opportunity to face and manage today. The transversal skills of a energy manager, a figure that is no longer alone on paper, become strategic. But how?
FIRE in its work of disseminating energy issues underlines the importance of the letter or resolution appointing a energy manager. The law cannot detail the functions, tasks and objectives of theenergy manager - which may also be different depending on the type of organization - and it is necessary that they are clarified at the time of the appointment. The hierarchical organization of theenergy manager, on which its relationship with the different levels of the organization will depend.
One of the major obstacles to the conduct of the business of energy manager is his position in the company organization chart. If for example theenergy manager is relegated to the technical office the result is that he takes care of the maintenance of the plants without having a say on the contracts that have energy implications (supply of energy carriers, design and supply of plants and buildings, energy service etc ...) or manage a budget adequate. So that theenergy manager can contribute to the best it is necessary - says FIRE - to foresee his placement in the staff in close contact with the decision makers.
The role ofenergy manager is in transformation also as a result of the importance that this figure will have in the company in the coming years and his skills will have to adapt following the evolution of legislation and needs. FIRE says that theenergy manager must have broad technical skills, including IT; knowledge of the energy market; economic evaluation skills; familiarity with contracts and knowledge of business organization. In short, a kind of 'monster' ...
Link /FIRE Federation