The role of microorganisms in agriculture

In thebiological agriculturemicrobes are widespread for crop protection. Using live insecticides, farmers are able to counteract pest infestations. Microorganisms such as fungi, viruses and bacteria are excellent allies ofagriculture. There are several bacterial strains used for their specificity in crop protection.

Regarding themicroorganismswith antiparasitic action, we see that the mechanisms of action are varied. For example theBacillus thuringiensis sub kurstrakimanages to defeat infestations by nipping the root problem, that is by killing the larvae: these bacteria are administered on the vegetation in the form of spores and crystals, the infesting larvae ingest the crystals that in the intestine of the larva degrade into toxins causing the death of the parasite .

Not onlybiological agriculture, imicroorganismsthey can improve the yields and stability of any agricultural method. By optimizing microbial communities, yields can grow by 20 percent in twenty years, effectively reducing the use of pesticides and fertilizers.

For now, in order to increase agricultural yields, all that has been done is to increase the consumption of fertilizers, pesticides and to introduce genetically modified organisms. Increasing the use of fertilizers and pesticides is an unacceptable choice for the well-being of the environment. Yet by improving the yields ofagricultureyields would grow 45-70 percent! An increase capable of solving various economic and social problems. With the introduction of a project to characterize the microbiome of one of the major crops, the yields of agricultural crops could reach promising values.

A detailed study was published by the American Academy of Microbiology, for those interested, the report is titled "How Microbes can Help Feed the World".