Of probiotics vivi is often talked about, even on TV, when you want to advertise a certain type of product, very often it is yogurt or probiotic drinks. Few have perhaps wondered what these lactic ferments do in our body and why they are defined as “alive”. Let's find out to understand if they are really so necessary for our health, when and how.
Live lactic ferments: what they are
There are many, they are real group of microorganisms in fact considered alive and beyond. They are all able to metabolize lactose which is the sugar contained primarily in milk but not only. When our ferments "digest" lactose they produce lactic acid, above all, and also other substances.
Live lactic ferments: what they are for
We have seen what they are and what they do but it is still not clear what these microorganisms can serve. Also called lactic bacteria, i live lactic ferments they come to our aid when we are in the throes of gastrointestinal disorders, such as diarrhea, digestive problems, colitis. Doctors and pharmacists can also prescribe them in other cases where it is simply necessary to restore normal bowel function. A classic is when we have taken antibiotics or before a trip to a country from eating habits very different from ours
Once we ate, the bacterial flora intestinal works to work the residues of digestion through two types of processes, that of putrefaction and that of fermentation. It may happen that the fermentation process fails for various reasons that do not always depend on us, but at this point we suffer the consequences: they can appear cramps and abdominal pain, in addition to meteorism. In these conditions, the balance between the bacteria present in our body is broken, there are more bad ones and it is therefore necessary to intervene. Right now i live lactic ferments.
Live lactic ferments: benefits
When we want to fill up with live lactic ferments we often use probiotics which have several potentially therapeutic positive effects. On the one hand, they give us a hand when it comes to eliminating harmful antigens, on the other hand they alleviate the symptoms of lactose intolerance and there are cases where they also reduce food allergies. THE live lactic ferments they are also widely used because they contribute to strengthening the immune system of the entire body and could also help us reduce the cholesterol level.
Live lactic ferments: where to find them
THE live probiotic lactic ferments, literally "favorable to life", are already found in our body, especially in the intestine because it is in this organ that they find the foods we have eaten and which they can feed on. Lactobacillus acidophilus is one of the most widespread lactic ferments. Not all of them are present in our body but nobody forbids us to ingest them through food or pharmaceutical products or supplements.
If we prefer to take live lactic ferments at the table, we must focus on foods such as yogurt in which we find the Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus. Less common but richer in lactic ferments is kefir. It is a drink obtained from the fermentation of milk and which contains about 0.8% lactic acid. Have you ever tasted it? It's not bad, it tastes fresh and it's a nutritious food. In the West it is not yet particularly known, its origins are to be found in the Caucasus but the word Kefir comes from the Turkish keyif which means delight.
There are various ways to prepare this food and sometimes the fermentation it can cause a small CO2 and alcohol content to be created, both due to the fermentation processes of yeasts. To produce kefir in general, fresh milk is used which can be either sheep, goat or cow, and then serve the ferments or granules of chefir, formed by a polysaccharide called kefiran which hosts colonies of mainly mesophilic and yeast bacteria in symbiotic association.
Live lactic ferments: when to take them
It is not necessary to feel bad to get to take on lactic ferments, we do not expect to have the intestines not in place to intervene but let's take them at the table in preventive terms in order to keep our bacterial flora in balance. Let's see some typical situations, however, in which these substances can be recommended.
For example when you are about to leave for a foreign country that has some very different food traditions from ours or from hygienic-sanitary uses that involve risks. It may happen that you run into symptoms or pathologies of thegastrointestinal system and we can prepare ourselves with live lactic ferments. A problem known to many adventurous travelers is diarrhea, often due to the ingestion of food or water in which they are present bacteria, viruses or parasites.
Lactic ferments can be very useful even when you are facing a strong change in diet that could make it more difficult at first.digestion processes , perhaps due to the presence of foods you are not used to. Not only do they avoid intestinal problems but they can also facilitate the absorption of nutrients from food.
Another situation in which our intestines may require support is the change of season. Especially when spring and autumn arrive, a real exchange of bacteria occurs in our body, a bit like it happens in our home with the change of cabinets. THE live lactic ferments can facilitate and speed up this process.
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