Ficus Benjamina, a plant that cohabitates with many green-fingered Italians, even in its bonsai version, but not only. It is an evergreen perennial native to tropical areas of Asia but also widespread in India, southern China, Malaysia, the Philippines, northern Australia and some islands of the southern Pacific. We often talk about Ficus Benjamina as if it were always the one that is most frequently bought and adopted in the apartment, there are in fact many varieties of this plant including: Ficus Benjamino Exotica, Ficus Benjamino Golden king, Ficus Benjamino Nuda, Ficus Benjamino Mini Gold.
Ficus Benjamina bonsai
If you don't have it yet, you can also buy it on Amazon, a specimen of Ficus Benjamina, or rather, its seeds, on sale for 8 euros. It's about variety Ficus Benjamina Mini Gold, as you can guess, with very small leaves surrounded by white. It is, among the many bonsai that turn, one of the simplest to take care of even if it is always a commitment not to be taken lightly.
Among the other varieties, all larger, to mention the Ficus Benjamina Exotica, with glossy leaves with dark veins, the Golden King, with green-gray spots on the leaves, the Ficus Nuda, with narrow and wavy leaves.
Ficus Benjamina: care
Often understood as a piece of furniture, as well as a plant, ours Ficus Benjamina it must be preserved in the best possible way and made to grow orderly and flourishing. Being of tropical origin, it must find a hot and humid climate, therefore we avoid exposing it to too low temperatures but also to too direct light.
By following these guidelines, we can do it grow quietly in the apartment, successfully.
Ficus Benjamina: pruning
To contain the development of the crown the pruning should be planned in early spring and it also serves to ensure that the plant maintains or takes on an orderly and harmonious appearance.
When we want our Ficus to develop more compactly and forming one thicker hair, we can make one topping, however, pay attention to the period to avoid blocking the growth of the shoots and the first leaves.
Ficus Benjamina: loses leaves
It may happen that this plant, even if not too fragile, begins to lose leaves. It is nothing serious, before thinking about the worst, therefore, we check that it is not, very likely, a prolonged lack of light.
The same effect can also arise from a insufficient water intake or from excessive exposure to air currents. Otherwise, if the leaves wither and go limp, it may be because of exaggerated watering, just decrease them to give the plant a healthier appearance.
When the Ficus Benjamina is exposed to direct light for too long, it sees its leaves dry up, it can also be attacked by fungi, parasites and insects. Among the enemies of this plant we find thrips, responsible for the deformation and discoloration of the leaves, the leaf mites, which cause the foliage and the cochineal, which stains the leaves darkly until they dry up. Even the red spider it can affect leaves causing them to turn yellow or brown.
Ficus Benjamina: price
We saw the seeds of the bonsai version earlier, but how much does it cost a Ficus plant? On line we also find prices around 20 euros for plants of size perfect for a medium sized apartment.
Ficus Benjamina: indoor
In very bright locations, but without direct light, the Ficus Benjamina he feels comfortable at home and it is good that he stays there for the whole cold season, near a large window. It can be, in the summer, also in verandas or pergolas but always evaluating the position because a single day of bad weather can heavily damage the foliage and branches.
Ficus Benjamina and Ficus macrophylla
So meek and well liked, i Ficus Benjamina, so feared another Ficus which is much less known in our area because it grows far away and has no size compatible with our apartments. This is the Ficus Maprophylla, evergreen tree that belongs to the large Moraceae family and reaches truly extraordinary dimensions.
It can also be called Ficus magnolioide or Moreton Bay Fig but the nickname that was given to him is the one that best renders the idea of its real and peculiar characteristics: crushing tree. It is because of its particularly bulky and intrusive roots.
When growing in its natural habitat, this Ficus is capable of reach a height even higher than 50 meters, this happens, for example, to specimens found in various rainforests and which are free to spread their roots all around the trunk.
This is exactly how the Ficus in question kills its neighbors by suffocation of land and then also occupy their place with their roots. At the same time, given its size, it cannot do without such large roots because it is a supporting pillar, essential support taking into account all the weight that the trunk has to support. It goes without saying that the Ficus Macrophylla it is particularly sensitive to the level of compactness of the land in which it grows and when planting it in gardens, for safety it is fenced
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