How to grow potted lemons:treatments, fertilizations, diseases, pruning, the most suitable varieties and many tips for growing lemons in pots.
In the article we will illustrate how to grow lemons in pots on the balcony or terrace without having particular cultural knowledge; it is in fact a plant that easily adapts to the climate of the different parts of the country even if in the north of Italy it should be moved to a sheltered position during the winter season.
The cultivation of lemons in pots it gives us the possibility of always having fresh fruit in the kitchen and, if we are lucky, with our harvest, we can also prepare a good limoncello cream to offer to our friends.
The healing and beneficial properties of lemon are known to all: they promote digestion and thanks to their content of vitamin C and flavonoids, they help the body fight flu, colds and fight free radicals. The advantages of the growing lemon at homeare clear, now we just have to see in detail how to start a good lemon cultivation at home!
How to sow lemons in pots
Sowing lemons in pots: starting with sowing is not recommended for those who have little patience, however if you want to start from the seed:
- Get a pot of at least 30 centimeters and fill it with soil
- Once this is done, bury a seed
- Regularly water the pot waiting for the plant to sprout: the germination period varies from 4 to 6 weeks depending on the outside temperature.
- As soon as the seedling sprouts, fertilize the soil, preferring an organic fertilizer.
- As the plant grows, continue with regular irrigation, taking care to avoid stagnant water forming in the saucer, harmful to the roots.
- As soon as the plant reaches a height of at least 15-20 centimeters, proceed with repotting.
How to grow lemons in pots
If you have purchased a sapling-grown lemon tree in a container, you can start growing by giving the plant the right care! Know that any plant bought in a pot must be repotted just after purchase! So is your potted lemon.
How to transplant a lemon
Repotting is essential for the well-being of container-grown plants: it offers more growth substrate for roots and new micronutrients.
Plants of lemon, like all citrus fruits that are grown in pots, need a periodic repotting: this will allow the roots to develop better and therefore obtain more fruit.
When to repot lemon: the right period
Repotting should be done preferably during the month of June (in the north) and during the month of May (in the south) and must be repeated every 2-3 years when the plant is still young and every four as it grows and becomes more robust. Repotting becomes definitive with a 70-80 centimeter diameter pot.
The choice of the pot is fundamental: they must not be excessively large therefore it is good to adapt the size of the pot to those of the plant.
Potted lemon: care
The care for use in potted lemon are simple to impart. The lemon is a demanding plant but only in terms of space (in fact with the development and with the progressive repotting to be carried out every 2 - 3 years) it will end up requiring a pot with a diameter of 80 cm! To ensure good growth, follow these tips.
Irrigate the potted lemon
During flowering and the formation of the first fruits, it is necessary to water the plant more.
Protect the potted lemon from the cold
In winter, the plant must be sheltered from the cold and frosts. For example, it can be placed under a canopy but never in a heated room: too dry air ruins the leaves.
If you can't move the plant, organize yourself with temporary shelters, a protective structure or simple non-woven fabric to use to cover the foliage in the late afternoon and during the night.
Potted lemon: pruning
Also in winter, lemons must be pruned: it will be sufficient to eliminate the dry and broken branches and shorten those that have an irregular pattern.
Potted lemon plant display
In the summer, the plant should be placed in an area exposed to sunlight for at least 6-8 hours a day. In winter, make sure the plant gets at least 4 - 5 hours of direct sunlight. Choose a location sheltered from strong winds.
Soil for growing lemon in pots
For the formerrepottingand all subsequent repottings, add specific soil for citrus fruits and arrange, on the bottom of the pot, a layer of expanded clay of about 3 cm. The clay absorbs water avoiding water stagnation and keeps the environment moist for longer.
Lemon fertilization in pots
Fertilized at least twice a year. When you see the first fruits that are still small and green, or if you notice leaves with reduced development, fertilize with nitrogen fertilizer. If you notice yourslemon plant with yellow leaves, add an iron-based fertilizer. The fertilizer should be placed at the edges of the pot and buried with a small hand hoe.
Those who prefer natural fertilization can take advantage of ground lupine. Approximately 40 - 60 grams of ground lupins are needed to fertilize onelemon plantplaced in ajargive her size between 30 - 50 cm.
Where to buy ground lupins for to fertilize lemon in pots?At the agricultural consortium of trust or taking advantage of the online purchase. A 5 kg bag of good quality, ready-to-use ground lupins is offered on Amazon at a price of 21.90 euros. For all the information, please refer to the Amazon page: Ground Lupins.
Variety of lemon to grow in pots
There four seasons lemon plantit is the ideal variety to grow for ornamental purposes and can also offer satisfactions in terms of yield.
Among the lemon varieties most suitable for cultivation in pots we point out the Florentina (Tuscan lemon), the lunario lemon (also called lfour seasons) and lemon salicifolia. The willow-leaf lemon is very decorative, even the lunario lemon is beautiful: it blooms all year round.
How to cure lemon in pot with yellow leaves
Thelemon in vase as well as all citrus plants irrigated with tap water, it can suffer from iron chlorosis, a nutritional disease that manifests itself with yellowing of the leaves.
Lemons are afraid of chlorosis and should not be bathed with calcareous water, so you should avoid irrigation with tap water. How to solve the problem of lemons with yellow leaves?
- Irrigate with rainwater.
- Add a teaspoon of vinegar to the watering can and leaverestwater for at least 12 - 24 hours. When irrigating, do not use the water found at the bottom of the watering can.
- Spread some chelated iron on the medium.
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