How to fight smog: instructions onhow to reduce air pollution, lower the level of pollutants and protect the environment.
Smog, what is it
The smogis a set of pollutants consisting of dust, smoke, micro-drops and other liquid substances which in technical jargon are called"aerosol". These substances, dispersed in the air, can be irritating to the respiratory tract, mucous membranes and eyes.
When particles have a molecular weightless than 10 PM are definedfine dust. The fine dust contained in thesmog they are so small that they can penetrate our respiratory system, damaging the lungs and other vital organs.
L'World Health Organization, estimated that thefine dust they are responsible for around 2 million deaths worldwide each year. For more information on fine powders, we invite you to read the in-depth analysis dedicated to PM10 particles:what is pm10, fine dust.
Smog in Italy
Every year, more and more cities in Italy and Europe exceed the limit of fine dust required by law. In particular, last 2016, 32 cities in Italy exceeded the limit set by law.
The law imposes a maximum number of 35 days per year during which it is possible to exceed 50 micrograms per cubic meter of polluted substances. Unfortunately, in 32 Italian cities, this limit was exceeded by much more than 35 days!
The most polluted cities in Italy
According to data collected by ARPA and disseminated by Legambiente, when it comes to fine dust, the most polluted city in Italy would be Turin, followed by Frosinone, Milan, Venice, Padua and Treviso. All cities of the North.
To minimize the damage fromfine dustand contain itsmog, Legambiente offers a handbook of good advice forreduce air pollution.
How to fight smog
The Decalogue of Legambiente forreduce air pollutionare supplemented here with our useful tips.
1. Enhance the use of pedestrian and cycle paths
With a more careful design of the streets, squares and urban environments, it is possible to facilitate travel by bicycle and on foot.
The roads of Italy are still unsafe for those who prefer to go out by bicycle. The use of bicycles is favored only by a small percentage of Italians.
Roads should be redesigned and urban safety maximized by promoting the creation of zones with a maximum speed limit of 30 km / h.
-> The advice of Our website for companieswho want to reduce the levels of environmental pollution
To encourage the use of bicycles, companies could provide privileges for employees who travel to work by bicycle. From a leave to finish work 15 minutes early to free meal vouchers. The most virtuous companies could reward with a little extra in their paycheck.
2. Create a cycling network
In order to obtain relevant numbers in terms of movements on two-wheeled pedals, a real network capable of interconnecting the city should be created. Municipalities, provinces and regions should work together to create a secure network within everyone's reach.
3. Mobility with zero emissions
Not just bicycles, today we can count on electric cars, hydrogen cars and ever cleaner technologies. Governments should encourage the purchase of zero-emission vehicles.
4. More efficient public transport
Buses, trams and other means of public transport should ensure a widespread connection. If local buses and trains were more punctual and faster, citizens would be encouraged to use them.
5. Enhancement of public transport
Not only should public transport be faster but also well connected. In this case, too, an economic effort on the part of Regions and Municipalities is necessary.
6. Eliminate the most polluting vehicles
Since there are new standards of efficiency, all polluting means should be replaced with more virtuous vehicles.
7. Only one in three car trips within the next five years
All Italian cities that exceed 50,000 inhabitants should discourage the use of private cars in favor of travel on foot, by bike, by public transport or by car pooling.
8. Road Pricing and Ticket Pricing
Restricted Traffic Zones are not enough. To limit the use of polluting vehicles, the various tariffs should be adapted to the vehicle's efficiency class. In this way, those with a very polluting car would find themselves paying for a more salty parking space than those with a low-emission car.
The revenues obtained should be re-invested in the development of sustainable mobility and forfightfurther itsmog.
9. Requalification of buildings
The public and private building stock should be redeveloped. In this context, the State took the first step by granting generous tax deductions (up to 65%).
10. Warm up without polluting
More energy efficiency in buildings means less pollution! In addition, the use of modern heating technologies should be encouraged to cut polluting emissions and the environmental impact of fossil fuels.