L'Origanit's aplantspontaneouswhich grows in a large part of Europe and Western Asia. Although it is a herbaceous species, it is not easy to talk about oregano plant, the reason? In Italy there are 4 different species and confusion is around the corner.
Oregano: spontaneous plant
The species oforegano plantthat grow in Italy are:
- Common oregano- Origanum vulgare
- Southern oregano -Origanum heracleoticum
- Oregano marjoram - Origanum majorana
- Sicilian oregano -Origanum onites
If the Origanum vulgare, that is thecommon oreganoit can only be found in central and northern Italy (up to the central south), this species is completely absent in southern Italy. On the contrary, the Origanum heracleoticum grows exclusively in southern Italy.
L'Origanit's aperennial herbaceous plant. It looks like a small shrub with a variable height based on the species. The common oregano reaches about 45 cm in height. Thisaromatic plantit is appreciated for its essence.
Note: the species have a different flavor from each other, especially the origanum majorana (marjoram) has a completely different taste in fact its leaves are free of phenolic compounds.
Oregano of the speciesonitesit is rarer, in fact it grows only in eastern Sicily, between Catania and Syracuse.
When it comes toOriganwe can speak of onewild plant. The reason? All species grow spontaneously. So, talk aboutwild oreganoit means little, all species are spontaneous.
Harvest and flowering period
Thereflowering of oreganovaries by species.
- Marjoram and common oregano bloom from June to September.
- Origanum heracleticum blooms from June to August, with a shorter flowering.
- Sicilian oregano blooms from May to July, with an earlier flowering than the other species.
Knowing the flowering period is also important to regulate oncollected. The oregano harvest is carried out precisely in conjunction with the very first flowering.
After harvest, the oregano is dried or kept fresh as explained in the articlehow to store fresh oregano.
Oregano: medicinal properties
Allaoregano planthave been recognized severalmedicinal properties. The oregano infusion has been a popular cough remedy. Hippocrates used thisplantas a natural antiseptic to deal with respiratory and gastric diseases.
Oregano is rich in antioxidant substances such as phenolic acids and flavonoids. The properties and benefits of this plant have been extensively studied: it is hypothesized that it may even perform an anticancer activity. The properties recognized by theoregano plantI'm:
How to grow oregano
Growing oreganois simple. This plant can be grown both in pots and in the garden. Let's talk about oneplantspontaneous and very rustic, so regardless of the species it will not needcaredetails. The only trick is to choose the most suitable species for your climatic zone if the intention is togrowing oregano in the vegetable garden.
In case ofpotted oregano, the cultivation at home becomes difficult as the plant needs a good aeration.
For the cultivation of oreganoprepare thegroundin late February. The preparation of the garden is carried out by removing the plants weeds and fertilizing with a good dose of mature manure at the rate of 3 - 5 kg for each square meter of land. Alternatively, you can use dried manure, in this case the dose is 0.5 kg per square meter.
Bury the loose fertilizer and arrange the surface with a rake to eliminate any depressions. The planting of theOriganit can take place starting from March in the south and in April in the north.
For thepotted oregano, we recommend thebalcony cultivationor terrace. At the bottom of the pot, prepare a draining layer given by 2 cm of gravel or expanded clay. Fill the pot with slightly calcareous soil rich in organic substance: on the market it is not difficult to find specific soil for oregano and other aromatic plants.
With the termCuban oreganoit identifies a perennial herbaceous plant which botanically is not strictlyrelatedto our oregano. The sort ofCuban oregano, in fact, it is the Plectranthus amboinicus. This small herbaceous plant is called "Cuban oregano" due to the shape of the leaves and above all for the smell particularly similar to that of our oregano. Observing the two plants, you can see big differences: the Cuban organ can exceed one meter in height and has a fleshy stem of 30 - 90 cm. The flowers are bell-shaped. This plant is native to Africa, it was imported to Europe where it reached a certain popularity in the Spanish land. In fact, Cuban oregano is also known as Spanish thyme.