How to grow the tomato: detailed instructions forplant tomatoesand treat them. Tips for a good collection both in case ofcultivation in potsthan in the garden. From irrigation to exposure, indications on the best fertilizers for tomatoes.
The tomato, one of the most consumed vegetables in the world, provides valuable minerals and vitamins, including vitamins B and C.
A feature to be appreciated of thetomato plant is that it can be easily grown in the vegetable garden, on the terrace, on the balcony ... and even at home, without necessarily having to have special knowledge.Grow the tomato it is simple, fun but above all it gives us the opportunity to bring our harvest to the table.
Warning!When we tell you that one plant it's easy to cultivate it doesn't mean you just put it in pots or plant it and it's done. All theplantsthey need aminimum ofcare. The tomato is undoubtedly resistant, if the soil is rich in organic matter it will offer excellent harvests in proportion tocarededicated. Plus, three are enough tomato plants in pots to get some satisfaction.
How to grow tomatoes in pots
To grow tomatoes in pots you will have to follow the same instructions forcultivationin the vegetable garden. The only differences concern:
- Irrigation must be daily
- The cultivation must be supported with an extra fertilization during the flowering of the plant
- You will have to choose certain growth varieties
- Arrange a draining layer on the bottom of the pot
When to grow tomatoes?
The best time forplanting tomatoesin the garden or growing them in pots, it falls in late spring. Those who live in the Center-North will have to pay attention to the climate and plant the plants when the risk of late frosts is over. It is possible to sow and plant tomatoes when the temperatures do not drop below 18 degrees.
How to grow the tomato
To plant, in the open ground, the tomato seedlings, you will have to wait until May. At the end of spring there is no more risk of frost and it will be possible to continue in the open field. Before planting the tomatoes, carry out a deep dig by moving the first 40 cm of soil and bury some well-ripened manure or nitrogen fertilizer such as ammonium sulphate. In case ofcultivation in pots, it will be enough to use fertile soil enriched with ammonium sulphate.
At the time of implantation, you must choose a sunny place and also make sure that the temperature does not drop below 18 degrees; but also keep in mind that too hot could ruin the crop
- Water the tomatoes.
Never neglect irrigation, water abundantly and consistently: in the summer you will have to water the plants every day. The best time to do this is early in the morning or late in the evening, being careful not to wet the leaves, otherwise you risk facilitating the formation of fungal diseases
Before carrying out the planting, you will need to enrich the soil with nutrients, the soil must also be well worked and with an adequate drainage system. In this regard, we advise you to work the soil thoroughly using a spade before planting the plants, applied, in this phase, some slow-release fertilizer (well-mature manure, compost or ammonium sulphate).
Once the plants have been buried (perhaps by creating rows with special stakes), you will need to compact the soil around the stems and create rows with special stakes so that the plants can grow upright and keep the branches with the fruits raised.
Beware of apical rot and mold on the leaves are diseases to which the tomato is subject. To prevent these diseases it is enough to respect the sixth of the plant with a distance between the plants of 40 cm in the row. The distance between the rows should be 70 - 80 cm.
The tomato harvest begins two months after the planting of the seedlings. If cultivation has been done correctly, the tomato plants will give you an abundant harvest throughout the summer season.
Fertilizer for growing tomatoes
Why are thefertilizations?To allow the plant to deliver a good harvest. Typical symptoms of nutritional deficiencies include yellow leaves. Tomato plants with yellow leaves are very common. Yellow leaves can be a symptom of various diseases, primarily nutritional deficiencies. Nitrogen is essential for the creation of new green fabrics.
In case of illness, read the guide dedicated to tomato care.