Sowing broad beans: when and how

When it's time to sow the beans it is good to know how to behave and how to cook them, once they are grown and ready to be harvested. We dedicate this article to legumes that are really important for the garden, in fact it is a precious element because of the strong resistance to frost shown and that not all plants can boast. This rather unique feature makes sowing possible even in unlikely moments, such as in November when most of the guests of the garden are not "active".

There are other reasons for deciding to sow the beans, for example the fact that they bring nitrogen to the soil, thus enriching the soil for the benefit of all the other vegetables that will be grown throughout the year.

Sow the beans: when

Broad beans can be sown both in autumn and spring, we can choose, evaluating the pros and cons of the two options. In the first case it means proceeding between the months of October and November, if instead we decide to wait for spring, the right months are February and March.

A third possibility is the winter sowing. On the one hand, in this case, there is an acceleration in the development of the plant because as soon as the frost stops, it “explodes” in all its vitality. However, if we live where it is really very cold, there is a risk that the plant will not survive the low temperatures and, in this case, it is better to wait until March

Sow the beans: soil

Let's arm ourselves with a spade, or a gallows, to prepare the ground to host the beans. It is very important that it is worked deep, moving the earth in a decisive way, breaking the clods even with the hoe. It might be a good idea to add some to the "natural" soil as well organic matter or compost, without exaggerating. As fertilizer we can also use wood ash, to be spread sparingly on the ground, with a view to circular economy.

After having completed all these operations, the ground is ready to sow the beans. We have to level it with a rake, gently, and then mark where you want to make the grooves for the rows of beans. If we use the postarelle we can directly dig the holes that will host them.

Sowing broad beans: how

THE broad bean seeds they must be placed in depth, as a reference we can keep the 4 or 5 centimeters or the rule that says, according to tradition, that "each seed must be buried at a depth of at least twice its size". It doesn't work with all legumes and vegetables but in this case it does.

THE broad bean seeds they don't have a favorite “verse”, we can ignore it and throw them into the ground as it happens, because by themselves they will manage to get by and reach the surface, and then take shape. These are robust seeds, in every sense.

If we don't opt ​​for the postarelle, we can arrange the beans by sowing them by row. In this case it is necessary to dig the grooves by arranging rows about 70 centimeters apart. The seeds in turn must be inserted into the soil every 20 centimeters, if you make holes instead, the correct distance is 60 centimeters.

Going to change the variety of broad beans, we can also find ourselves modifying the standard distances indicated by tradition, as in the case of dwarf plants, which can be approached, or in that of climbing beans, more intrusive and therefore to be kept at a greater distance.

Sowing broad beans: moon phases

There are those who believe in it and those who do not want to hear about it, in fact there is no scientific evidence in this regard so everyone can behave as they want. The fact is that many are convinced that the phases of the moon can affect the bean growth and many other vegetables and fruit trees.

As a “plant with fruit”, the broad bean following this theory, should be sown on a growing moon to benefit from our satellite. Being a particularly vigorous legume, it has no problem growing, actually, even if planted in the waning moon phase.

Sow the beans and cook them

Let's see one simple and nutritious recipe with broad beans, to be prepared with those that we can collect in our garden. It is easy to perform and takes a maximum of half an hour. It is about the fresh broad beans with ham, to be prepared in a pan with cooked ham to obtain a tasty and substantial side dish.

Here are the ingredients:
• 2 kg of fresh broad beans
• 100 g of cooked ham in a single slice
• 40 g of butter
• 1 onion
• 1 carrot
• salt
• black pepper
• vegetable broth

As a typically spring product, broad beans are the protagonists or co-stars of many specialties of Italian cuisine, especially if we sit at the table in central and southern Italy. Their taste is easy to keep in mind, it is firm but not too strong to be unpleasant. You can eat them also raw, accompanied by pecorino fresh, or cooked in a delicious way, as in donuts with pecorino cheese with broad beans.

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Video: How to Grow Broad Beans for Maximum Production Fava Beans (May 2021).