When it comes to Buddhist religion, one often wonders what Buddhists are and what they believe in. Although the following lines are a summary and an example, let's try to find out a little more, revealing some basic principles of Buddhism.
Buddhist religion: what it is and who founded it. How to become a Buddhist and useful information.
What is Buddhism
As you may already know, the Buddhism it is one of the main religions in the world for the number of followers and for the influence that this philosophy can instill in culture, including Western ones. It is certainly not a novelty that, although it was born as an oriental religion, today more and more Westerners (and in them also Italians) believe in Buddhism.
What Buddhists believe in
It is not easy to share in a few lines what Buddhists believe in. However, we can still, with an effort of synthesis, recall that Buddhists believe that the purpose of human existence is to achieve enlightenment.
Many of the cardinal principles of Buddhism are also highlighted by other Eastern religions, such as Hinduism (think of the concept of karma, or that of samsara). Of course, it is equally true that many of the principles of Buddhism are unique, and that therefore the right consideration of that religion is unique (Buddhist religion).
Who Founded Buddhism?
The founder of Buddhism is believed to be Siddhartha Gautama. Born in India in 600 BC, he lived in a rather luxurious and comfortable way: one day, however, he had the vision of a corpse, an elderly person, a sick person and an ascetic priest, serene because he had abandoned luxury.
It was precisely the inspiration of this vision that led Siddhartha to abandon his own existence of well-being, embracing the search for enlightenment through meditations and an austere approach. After numerous hardships, Siddhartha managed to achieve enlightenment. Precisely for this reason he was called the Enlightened, or Buddha.
What are the principles of the Buddha
Principles of Buddhism. But what had the Buddha discovered? In addition to having intuited that enlightenment cannot be found in luxury, he discovered the four noble truths of Buddhism, namely:
- suffering is an integral part of life;
- desire causes suffering;
- suffering ceases when the passions to which one is attached cease;
- detachment from the passions can be achieved by following a noble path.
As these beliefs matured, the Buddha also understood that the noble path can be walked with a right view, a right intention, a right dialogue, right actions, a commitment to the right things, being a priest, with meditation and with concentration.
What the modern Buddhist religion consists of
Let's talk about the Modern Buddhism. So far a brief reference to the tradition of Buddhism. Today, however, what we define modern buddhism it is the fruit of two different action groups. The first (Theravada) refers to the monastic form, which can therefore reserve enlightenment only for priests. The second (Mahayana) can instead also allow the laity to achieve enlightenment.
Is the Buddha a deity?
It is often said that the Buddha is the equivalent of the Christian God. In reality this is not exactly the case, given that the Buddha himself did not consider himself a deity at all, but a person necessary to be able to show the way to others. Despite this, it is also true that at his death far more than someone "elevated" him to divinity.
It may help you: how to become a Buddhist
What are the differences between Buddhism and Christianity?
There are numerous differences between Buddhism and Christianity (certainly, more numerous than those that exist between Buddhism and Hinduism).
For example, for Christians sin is a "problem" that has eternal consequences, while for Buddhists there is no need for a "savior" of man from sin. It is well known that for Buddhists a fundamental point of their doctrine is reincarnation, a sort of "pledge" to pay their debt with karma. Again, Buddhists do not consider the concept of creation, considering that for them there is neither a beginning nor an end, but only an infinite cycle of birth, suffering and death.
The Enso is a Zen symbol of Buddhism.
There Buddhist religion, in some of its connotations, it prescribes a vegetarian diet. For all the information I suggest you read:vegetarianism and religion.