High levels ofuric acidI am responsible forhigh uricemia. But what does this mean and what are the normal levels? Here's everything you need to know if you found it in the latest blood testshigh uricemia.
The amount of uric acid in the blood is called uricaemia. How high these values are, we speak ofhyperuricemia. If, on the other hand, these levels are low, it is called hypouricemia or low uricemia.
Hyperuricemia mainly affects males in an age group between 30 and 50 years.
Uric acid: what it is
Uric acid is a molecule produced by protein metabolism and purines. To strongly affect the levels ofuric acidit is our diet, however also the state of health of our organism can play a fundamental role.
If you noticedhigh uricemia, better if you contact your doctor to analyze this value in detail.
High uricaemia can occur in two contexts:
- in case of excessive production
- insufficient elimination
A high percentage of uric acid present in the body is expelled through the urine, the remaining fraction is degraded in the gastrointestinal tract.
The presence of uric acid, prolonged over time, can causegout. This condition presents thesymptomcharacteristic of inflamed joints. Joint inflammation is linked to the formation of uric acid crystals in the joint fluid.
In case of high uric acid, such excesses can also accumulate in the kidneys causingkidney stonesand o renal failure resulting in high albumin.
High urea: causes
As stated, you may have a problem withhigh uricemiaboth in the event of excessive production and problems related to elimination. In summary, why uricemia increases? The causes can be many. Among the most common:
- An increase in purine synthesis
- Metabolic diseases
- Excessive intake of purines in the diet
- Cytotoxic drugs
- Chronic renal failure
- Kidney problems
- Increased renal reabsorption
- Some forms of cancer
- Diabetes mellitus
- Type 1 glycogenosis
In case ofhigh uricemia, it is necessary to be monitored by the doctor, especially to identify anysymptomsof gout. High ureaemia puts you at an increased risk of kidney problems.
It was then found that in about 80% of patients with high serum triglyceride levels, there is an increase inuric acid.
Other causes that can inducehigh uricemiaI'm:
- Alcohol abuse
- Prolonged fasting
- Congestive heart failure
- Kidney failure
- Nephritis and other kidney problems
- Diet rich in purines (oily fish, offal, crustaceans, legumes and meats)
- Diuretic drugs
The list ofcausesit is only partial. The value, in fact, can also increase in the case of psoriasis and other autoimmune diseases. It is always important to evaluate the results of theblood testsbased on your medical history.
In case of absence ofsymptomswe talk aboutasymptomatic hyperuricemia, this condition could be linked to hereditary factors and require no treatment. Medical advice is essential.
In other cases, isymptomsmore frequent thanhigh uricemiaI'm:
- articolar pains
- swollen joints
- renal colic
- clinical pictures of renal insufficiency
- high blood pressure (high blood pressure)
- reddened joints
What to do in case of high uricaemia? It is necessary to follow the doctor's instructions. Generally, the patient is asked to significantly reduce the use of foods rich in purines, eliminate alcohol intake and increase the body's hydration. The increased water intake will help to lower the levels of uric acid in the blood but also to preserve kidney function, since the kidneys are more at risk of stones.
Foods to avoid in case of high uric acid
- beef broth
- meat sauces
- fatty and fermented cheeses
- anchovy, eel, herring, mullet, crustaceans, mussels, Sardinian bream, sardine, mackerel, tuna, mullet
- fish eggs
- brain duck, heart, hare liver, goose, pigeon pig, kidney, game,
- other offal such as tripe, and meat extracts
- cured meats, sausages and preserved foods
- asparagus, cauliflower, lentils, dried mushrooms, aubergines, peppers, peas
- chestnuts, watermelon, dates, medlars, almonds, plums, dried fruit,
- oil, lard, lard, cooked or fried
- aromatic or spicy sauces
- strong tea and coffee
- high alcohol content wine, beer, spirits
What foods are allowed?
As stated, thedietplays a vital role in keeping uric acid levels stable. The foods that can be consumed are:
- non-wholemeal pasta and rice, breadsticks, crackers,
- rusks, cereals
- vegetable broth
- cheeses such as asiago, bel Paese, crescenza, fior di latte, fontina, mozzarella,
- ricotta, smoked cheese
- beets, chard, broccoli, artichokes,
- thistles, carrots, brussels sprouts, endive,
- salad, lettuce, potatoes, tomatoes,
- turnips, pumpkin, olives,
- apricots, oranges,
- cherry, apples, melon, pears,
- olive oil in moderation
- butter and margarine only in small quantities
- low mineral content waters