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Ceropegia: characteristics, cultivation and diseases


Between succulent plants, there are those that belong to the Ceropegia genus, they are quite widespread also because they are easy to grow. They don't require a green thumb. They are mostly climbing plants that are used as an ornament, for decorative purposes.

Ceropegia: characteristics

They are part of this genus of succulent plants, especially with the tuberous root and which often have intertwined stems that hold beautiful looking leaves that can be a good way to cover uninteresting walls. These plants can have an erect or even creeping posture, also depending on the thickness of the stems. Very often we find the Ceropegia in suspended baskets or on walls or supports, with the aim of decorating or covering surfaces that are not particularly aesthetic.

Some species of this genus arrive from Arabia, China and Australia but most of them are original of South Africa and the Canary Islands.

Ceropegia: diseases

Before getting to know these plants, let's take a look at who threatens their health. In the front row is the mealy cochineal. Its presence can be detected through the appearance of small flaky formations on the leaves of the plant which are also easy to remove if grate with a nailto. To get rid of it, however, it is necessary to have a wad soaked in alcohol with which to pass the leaves, one by one, or, alternatively, you can bathe the plant with soap and water.

If we don't treat the Ceropegia, they can suffer from it and communicate it to us by making their leaves shrivel or fade, for example.

If we forget to give them enough water, the leaves fall after being shriveled, to save the plant it is necessary to increase the irrigations without creating any water stagnation. However, when the leaves fade, it means that the light that reaches the plant is too little, we must move it and find a more strategic position for it.

If we don't give fertilizer to the plant, of course, it goes without saying that it will not grow as it should, in this case the important thing is to follow the cultivation instructions, so that, in addition to growing well, it also produces flowers.

Ceropegia: cultivation

Let's start immediately with fertilization, so as not to be caught out on this point. The fertilizer to be used for this kind of succulent it must also contain microelements such as Iron, manganese, copper and zinc. Let's only administer it in spring and summer, when the plant is growing, by diluting it in the water for watering.

In general, these plants are not very difficult to grow, they are not rustic but they can give satisfaction even to those who are not a great expert in fat plants.

To make them acclimatize you need an environment with temperatures above 7 ° C so in winter they can stay outside if we don't live in an area where the climate is harsh. It is important that they are in the sun, so preferably in the south or west, and above all away from any cold air currents.

During the periods of vegetative rest, the Ceropegia should not be watered much, just make sure that the soil does not dry out, instead in spring and summer it is necessary to increase the rhythm of watering, always checking the humidity level of the soil.

The Ceropegia they bloom in summer but should be repotted in spring using a soil for cactus or a mixture of fertile soil, peat and fine sand, all in equal parts. When instead of repotting, you are planting a tuber, be careful to plant them a lot at a maximum of 1 centimeter deep, keeping a distance of 5 centimeters between one tuber and another. The operation of pruning it is not foreseen for this kind of plants, it is reduced to the simple elimination of leaves and stems that end up drying up or that are attacked by some disease.

Ceropegia: species

Among the more than two hundred species of Ceropegia that exist in the world, there are some more common or more particular that are worth describing more accurately. Let's start from Radicans, native to South Africa and with a crawling habit. It has dark green leaves and tubular-shaped green, white or purple flowers with lobes welded to the ends.

There Dicothoma, native to the Canary Islands, produces yellow flowers and has erect light green stems, its leaves are small and narrow, while the Fusca has an erect posture and resembles a reed, produces small flowers but has a particular stem, gray tinged with red.

We conclude the review of the Ceropegia species with the most widespread and cultivated Woodii. It comes to us from South Africa, produces large flowers with a brown-red tubular corolla. The stems of this plant are particularly long - almost one meter - thin and flexible, reddish color, the leaves have white stripes on the upper page and purple on the lower one, they are small and heart-shaped.

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