Pollution in China: we are talking about environmental damage, harmful emissions, water contamination and other environmental disasters that have seen China as a protagonist.
Chinese authorities say they are doing everything possible to "contain environmental damage" linked to the strong activity of the nation's industrial sector. For experts, however, "doing what you can" is not enough.
Died from environmental pollution in China
The rapid industrialization of the country and population growth are the two factors that have the greatest impact onenvironmental pollutionof the Nation. When it comes toenvironmental pollutionno reference is made to an "abstract problem", on the contrary, the question is very concrete. According to the statistics of the World Health Organization (WHO), in China, every year, due toair pollution, 1.1 million people die. This data would be related to smog and, in particular, to fine dust.
The fine dust recorded in many areas of the country (especially in the north and north-east cottages) are well over 50 times higher than the maximum limit established by the WHO. The capital is also in critical situations: in 2013, Beijing's air quality saw a quantity of thin poor equal to 993 micrograms per cubic meter, the maximum limit established by the WHO is 25 micrograms!
Pollution in China
ThereWorld Bankestimates that among themost polluted cities in the world, 16 are Chinese. L'pollution in Chinait's not just the atmospheric one. China also has problems with:
- Soil contamination
- Water pollution
- Habitat destruction
- Loss of biodiversity
- Land consumption
ThereChinait is undoubtedly the most "popular" country forfrequency, the number and extension ofenvironmental disastersthat are consumed within national borders. Due to the fine dust, Chinese citizens are forced to wearmasksto protect the airways. It is not a mystery: the WHO reveals an increased risk of contracting lung cancer.
Wang Ning, former deputy director of the Beijing Office for Disease Control and Prevention, highlighted the increase in a type of cancer called "adenicarcinoma", this tumor is related to the presence ofpollutants in the air.
To understand the impact that thepollution has on the health of the Chinese, just think that 32% of lung cancer patients around the world are resident in China! In recent years, there has also been an increase in esophageal cancer.
L'pollutionproduced inChinahas a strong global impact. The position of the Chinese government, suiclimate changesit is a very controversial issue.
ThereChinais, currently, the largest producer ofharmful emissions: China does not respect the Kyoto Protocol on carbon dioxide emissions.
If it is true that thepollution in Chinareaches record quantities, it is also true that environmental protests are growing. The Chinese population is alarmed: in 2012 alone there were 50,000 protests against the environment and against the nation's deficient environmental policies.
TheCenter for American Progress, described China's environmental policy as that of the United States of America before 1970.
Even today, in China, it is normal to work asbestos in open construction sites that also arise in the city center. Among the various environmental disasters of recent years, we recall drinking water contaminated by radioactive substances, the sighting of thousands of dead pigs at the foot of a river and accidental poisonings, in particular, the victims were 30 people who worked in the factory with paints toxic.
The graph shows the percentages of harmful emissions by country. Italy, as well as Europe, is included in the gray portion, along with Iceland, Great Britain and other nations not mentioned.
The Chinese marine environment (Yellow Sea and South China Sea) is considered among the most degraded marine areas in the world. The loss of coastal natural habitats has seen the loss of 65% of marine wetlands along the Yellow Sea coast. This degradation took place in record time: in just 50 years. The reason? Massive "reclamation" related to rapid coastal development for agriculture and aquaculture and industrial development of the coasts.
Why is pollution so high in China?
We have already pointed out the critical points of the country (extremely rapid industrial development, demographic growth, transport…). According to a report published by Greenpeace and the Peking University School of Public Health (study dated December 2012), thepollution in Chinait would be caused mainly by the coal industry (front row power plants) and by the transport sector.
The transport sector is not to be underestimated. In 2014, the Chinese motorization reached the record of 17 million new registrations (17 million new cars on the road), the car park of the Chinese population, in 2014 alone, reached a total of 154 million vehicles on the road! The automotive sector is still thriving.