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Schlumbergera: plant and care


ThereSchlumbergerait's afat plantnative to the tropical forests of Brazil. It belongs to the Cactaceae family and if you want to grow succulents at home you can't ignore it!

Schlumbergera: plant, care to devote to it and tips for obtaining abundant flowering. Differences between species (truncata, opuntioides, buckleyi…).

Succulent Schlumbergera

There Schlumbergerahe makes himself loved for his particularfloweringand for its ornamental leaves. Its name derives from that of the botanistFrederica Schlumberger,famous for its immense collection of succulents and succulents.

Of theSchlumbergera, the most common species are:Schlumbergera truncata or Zygocactus truncatus, Schlumbergera x buckleyi and Schlumbergera opuntioides. How do these species differ? We see it immediately!

Schlumbergera truncata

The three species differ in the shape of the cladodes, that is, of those we mistakenly call "leaves". In the speciesS. truncatathe leaves are flat and have a slightly pointed edge.

S. x buckleyi

Here, the cladodes (incorrectly called leaves) are flat and smooth-edged. Therefloweringis identical.

Schulmbergera opuntioides

Among the three species it is the one with the most differences. The cladoids of all species ofSchulmbergerathey are always flattened. In the Schulmbergera species opuntioides, the leaves are almost cylindrical, they are thicker! Attention, when the plant is very young this difference is not very marked, but it will be noticed as the plant grows.

Flowering

ThereSchulmbergerait is also called a Christmas cactus. This plant does not exceed 40 cm in height, it is not bulky but it is undoubtedly showy. It is made up of the succession of many short segments calledcladodes, they are 2 to 4 cm long and the thickness varies. They are similar to leaves, have a bright green and sometimes reddish color. It is these single units that form the "stems" of theplantand branch laterally up to carry iflowers.

The bearing of the stems is drooping, so does thefloweringit is pendulous. THEflowers, in the most common varieties, arefuchsiaor bright red. There is no shortage of varieties with orange or white flowers. The outermost petals tend to fold back creating a charming floral pattern.

Typically, thefloweringit is not very lasting. Duration? It depends a lot on the temperature, on average the flower remains open for 4 days and then gradually withers. If theflowerit does not dry out and falls by itself, it will need to be detached by hand (you will not have to leave withered flowers on the plant).

Schlumbergera: plant care

Thisfat plantit can't stand temperatures below 10-12 ° C, so it goesgrown at home.

Choose a very bright location. In summer, you can take it outside but you won't have to put it in full sun: direct rays can damage the fabrics by burning or altering the integrity of the leaves. In summer, keep the plant in partial shade.

At any time of the year, know that the plant loves humidity. If the environment is too dry, thefloweringwill be affected and ibuds will fall outeven before opening up. So choose yoursschlumbergera does not bloom, be sure to maintain a humid environment, as well as ensure it has good fertilizations.

When to irrigate?
Every 2-3 days in summer, even in winter, if the plant is kept indoors in a dry environment, the frequency must be kept unchanged. On the contrary, if the environment is rather humid, you only need to irrigate once a week.

Fertilizer

Just add some specific fertilizer for succulents, essential for the development of flowers. When to fertilize? It is fertilized between the end of summer and the beginning of autumn. The fertilizer should be administered every 10 days, near thewinter flowering.

Schlumbergera in pot

Earthenware / terracotta pots are preferred because they guarantee good thermal insulation. It is true that theplantit loves humidity (and for this reason, if the air is dry you will also need to nebulize it) but it is equally true that its root system is sensitive to water stagnation.

At the bottom of the pot, arrange a couple of centimeters of expanded clay or a drainage layer made up of pieces of earthenware or gravel. Use specific soil for succulents or a well-drained universal type soil, mixed with sand (1/4 of sand and 3/4 of universal soil).

Repotting

Repotting should be done every 3-4 years: the plant has a slow development, therepottingit is done more to regenerate the substrate than to give space to the roots, so always choose pots that are only slightly larger than the previous one. The plant is very delicate, so it must be handled with extreme care at the momentrepot.

Propagation

The plant doespropagateseasily by cuttings. Theremultiplication by cuttingsit should be done by taking a bit of the stem (at least 2-3 segments) and burying them in fertile soil, only when it has healed at the cutting level.

Therecuttingit should take root after 2 - 3 weeks. Multiplication by cuttings is very simple and the chances of engraftment can be increased by using a stimulant (root hormone).

At "this Amazon page" you can find an excellent rooting hormone, useful both for leaf cuttings (as in the case ofSchlumbergera cutting), and for semi-woody cuttings (roses, camellias, hydrangeas ...).


Video: How To Propagate Christmas Cactus Cuttings! SIMPLE AND EASY! (May 2021).