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Periodontal disease: symptoms and causes

Periodontal disease: symptoms and causes


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With the term periodontal disease we want to indicate a group of disorders that very easily affect the supporting and supporting tissues for the teeth. It is very important to treat it and not to ignore its symptoms so as not to run the risk of destroy or damage irreparably the gums, the alveolar bone and the outer layer of its root.

Therefore, when you are treated, you not only avoid suffering and suffering from the symptoms of this disease but you avoid the risk of losing your teeth affected by the problem. To understand how to behave you need to go to the dentist. In the medical field, periodontal disease is considered one chronic disease inflammatory type that can give rise to infections of the oral tissues. The most frequently affected are the gums, the periodontal ligament, the dental cement and the alveolar bone, the main area involved in periodontal disease is the gingival sulcus or the pocket located between the tooth and the gum where it is easy for them to accumulate microbes and bacteria, responsible for disorders and infections.

Periodontal disease: symptoms

The classic symptoms of this disease are the swelling of the gums followed by redness, heavy breath and severe difficulty even speaking, due to the pain. These are signs that can also be attributed to other diseases but if you are a smoker, or if suffer from diabetes or other diseases, or you are simply a little older in age, then it is very likely that it is periodontal disease. Better to check with a dentist who, to prevent some teeth from falling out, will consult a periodontist to treat the infection.

Periodontal disease: causes

As we have already mentioned, there are situations in which the periodontal disease it becomes more likely than others, first of all smoking, but also diabetes. In these cases it is more likely to come into contact with this pathology which, if neglected, could also lead to tooth loss. It is best to quit smoking and, if you are dealing with diabetes, consult your doctor for the best treatment methodology.

Periodontal disease: effects

While it doesn't affect them directly, the effects of periodontal disease on the teeth can be really devastating, up to the inexorable fall.

When a disease of the group of periodontal disease affects us, there are many dental and gum problems that we can encounter. There is a strong inflammation in the tissues that support the teeth so you feel pain, you notice swelling and redness, even some ulcers. In extreme but not rare cases, pus discharge from the inflamed area may also occur, which makes us understand that it is a infectious form.

Periodontal disease: antibiotics

Among the drugs most often recommended by doctors there are some types of antibiotics such as amoxicillin, useful for eliminating the viruses and bacteria present in the gum sacs that are the cause of the infection.

Periodontal disease: nutrition

Even one proper nutrition can help prevent or not to aggravate periodontal disease. It must be a healthy and regular diet, aimed at strengthening the immune defenses of our body. For this it is necessary to follow a diet rich in minerals and vitamins in order to be able to fight any viruses and even serious infections. Drinking is also very important, because plenty of water allows the body to detoxify.

Juvenile periodontal disease

Not only adults, or the elderly, can have gods dental problems, some diseases such as periodontal disease also affect children and adolescents. We speak specifically of juvenile periodontal disease which often manifests itself as gingivitis, but not only.

In adolescence it is possible suffer from gingivitis, also chronic, with inflammation of the gums, swelling and bleeding. To cure or prevent it, you should brush your teeth three times a day by flossing them daily. There is also the aggressive periodontal disease, which affects the first molars and incisors until causing them to fall, and then there is the aggressive periodontal disease generalized which can develop in puberty and involve the entire mouth. It is one of the most common but always dangerous diseases for the health of our teeth.

Marginal periodontal disease

Adults, above all, can be affected by the marginal, a shape that over time leads to the resorption of the bone alveolus, also called the marginal ridge. The resulting gum problems are numerous and not always easy to treat. You can also hear about horizontal periodontal disease, which instead causes the resorption of the alveolus bone horizontally. In this case it is essential to provide immediate intervention to prevent really annoying symptoms.

Acute periodontal disease

This is the last phase of the disease, the one that leads to the loss of teeth affected by inflammation. It is often accompanied by the sedimentation of tartar that favors the weakening of the tooth. In case of severe form, our body increases its immune activity and diseased teeth are more easily expelled, to protect the rest of the body from infection.

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Video: 10 Things You Probably Didnt Know About Periodontal Disease (May 2022).