They used to call it“Italian green frog” because our countryside was full of them. Unfortunately, today, due to the destruction of their habitat, the green frogs are harder to find: le frogsthey are excellent environmental indicators, their presence is an "index" of good environmental health.
Why are frogs dwindling?
Due to drought, the decrease in wetlands and the abundant use of herbicides. In recent times, to cause the decimation of thegreen frogthere is an "alien animal", theLouisiana red shrimp. This shrimp was accidentally introduced to our territory and managed to thrive by destroying fish and amphibian eggs. Environmental protection is of fundamental importance to protect thegreen frog, the common toad and the green toad.
There green frog shares the same habitats as the bufo bufo toad. If you are lucky enough to have green frogs in the garden or toads, be happy with that! Frogs perform many useful functions, to start with, they feed on insects that are harmful to the garden and to your peace of mind (primarily mosquitoes!).
Green frogs and red frogs
In Italy there are many species offrogs, for simplicity of description we speak of "green frogs" is "red frogs". The green frog lives in marshy and humid areas, thered frogsinstead, they are more like toads, they only reach the water areas during the breeding season. Therered frogbelongs to the genusFrogwhile thegreen frogbelongs from the genus Pelophylax.
The common frog
Ofgreen frogsthere are a good number of species, among these, the most representative is undoubtedly the"common" green frog.
Green frog: what it eats, where it lives and natural habitat. All useful information on the Italian green frog.
The green frog has bare skin, devoid of scales, so as to facilitate skin breathing. The coloringgreenit has different shades and individual “colors”. Generally the back is green with black spots, the throat and belly are lighter. The thighs of thefrogs have black bands or they are marbled with yellow or brown. They have camouflage coloring and often the color varies according to the populated environment.
They have characteristic bulging eyes, in a high position. The males, during the song, evert two whitish or greyish vocal sacs.
How big are they?
The female reaches up to 12 cm in length, while the male frog is smaller, only hardly exceeds 7 cm.
Although many continue to call it "Italian green frog", green frogs are widespread throughout Europe, missing only in the Iberian Peninsula.
What do frogs eat?
Thefrogsthey are excellent hunters, with their protruding eyes floating in the water and camouflaging themselves in wetlands. What do they eat? Worms, molluscs, insects ... but also small invertebrates. They also practice cannibalism: an adult specimen can eat the young of its own species. The tadpoles, on the other hand, feed on algae and organic remains of various kinds.
Green frogs also feed on large insects such as dragonflies: with rapid movements they capture them as they fly over the water.
Do frogs hibernate?
Yes, thefrogsare counted among the animals that hibernate. Thefrogsspend thewinterhibernating, hidden among ditches, in mud and in sheltered areas. With the beginning of spring, thegreen frogsthey wake up and start hunting.
Therereproductionstarts between April and May. As stated, males evert large vocal sacs to emit reproductive chants. Males take their heads out of the water and emit the typicalcroakto attract females.
The reproductive act ofgreen frogsends with the deposition of theeggs. During mating, the male grabs the female under the armpits, thefrogs eggsas soon as fertilized, they settle on the bottom or among the vegetation.
Therecommon green frogit can lay from 5,000 to 10,000 eggs per year. Spawning occurs at the end of mating, in late spring.
There are many animals that feed on frogs. Among the natural predators we point out fish, many reptiles, many mammals and birds. Among the mammals, we point out the skunk and the weasel. Among the fish that feed on frogs, we point out pike, largemouth bass ... even the floats feed on frogs!
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