Contact dermatitis: what triggers the irritation, difference between the allergic and the irritative form, symptoms, causes, prevention and natural remedies to treat the inflammatory reaction.
Contact dermatitis is a reddish rash on the skin due to contact with substances capable of stimulating an inflammatory response. It can be allergic or irritative; in both cases, it triggers a redness of the skin, usually accompanied by itching.
Usually, the inflammatory reaction occurs after a few minutes or a few hours from contact with the substances that triggered it and can last from two to four weeks. Contact dermatitis does not cause dangerous effects on the health of the body but it can create discomfort.
Contact dermatitis, symptoms
In order to intervene promptly, it is good to know the main symptoms of contact dermatitis. Here are the most common ones:
- Reddish rash
- Intense itching
- Dehydrated, chapped and flaky skin
- Blisters and bubbles, with possible appearance of pus and crusts
- Swelling, burning and mild pain
Contact dermatitis, prevention
To prevent the onset of contact dermatitis, both allergic and irritative, it is good to identify and avoid the substances responsible for the reaction.
It is therefore advisable to contact a specialist (dermatologist or allergist) to investigate the causes and type of dermatitis; through the dermatological examination and the patch test it will be possible to make a diagnosis and identify any allergens that trigger the allergic reaction or irritation. Once this is done, it will then be necessary to use adequate protections to avoid the inflammatory reaction.
Contact dermatitis, remedies
As already mentioned, contact dermatitis triggers various symptoms that can also be treated with the use of do-it-yourself remedies. These are natural ingredients that are really effective in soothing the effects of this annoying reaction.
Oatmeal is often used in the cosmetic industry to produce soaps, shampoos and body creams to take advantage of its moisturizing and exfoliating action. In case of contact dermatitis, oatmeal can be very effective! Just make a flour-based wrap. Let's see specifically how to proceed:
- Pour 600 ml of water into a saucepan and heat on the stove
- When it boils, remove the saucepan from the heat
- Add 100 grams of oat flour and mix carefully until the mixture is homogeneous
- Let it cool in the fridge
- Apply the mixture on the area affected by contact dermatitis in the form of compresses
- Leave on for 20 minutes then rinse
Many researches claim that aloe vera is very effective for treating various skin diseases. Its use is therefore also recommended in case of dermatitis. Here's how to proceed:
- Cut an aloe vera leaf
- With the help of a knife, extract the gel present inside the leaf
- Apply the gel directly to the affected area by practicing light circular massages
Thanks to its therapeutic properties, chamomile is also widely used in the treatment of skin irritations as it can reduce inflammation and any burns. Here's how to proceed:
- Prepare a classic chamomile infusion
- Apply chamomile on the area affected by dermatitis with the help of a cotton swab
- Alternatively, you can take a relaxing bath by pouring the infusion into the bathtub
The flowers and leaves of mallow have beneficial properties useful in the treatment of various skin diseases: eczema, hemorrhoids, dermatitis ... .. Here's how to proceed
- Pour 500 ml of water into a saucepan and wait for it to boil before turning off
- At this point, add 50 grams of dried mallow leaves or flowers
- Leave the infusion to rest for about half an hour
- After the necessary time, apply the mixture on the affected area with a soft cloth
- Leave for about 20 minutes then rinse
Cucumber has moisturizing properties and also has a high content of vitamins. Many recommend cucumber-based treatment to cure contact dermatitis. Its application is simple; just place cucumber slices directly on the irritated skin.
Thyme is also a widely used remedy in natural medicine for its antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and moisturizing properties. Helps relieve symptoms triggered by contact dermatitis. Just prepare the classic thyme-based infusion and dip a cotton swab to apply to the affected area