Glycolic acid: what it is and where it is found

Against acne, but not only,glycolic acid it is a real power. This natural product is often used by dermatologists for skin care because it is effective in the treatment of various skin diseases as well as problems related to abnormal exposure to the sun or acne.

We find this acid in numerous cosmetics product that promise us a young, fresh and hydrated skin, forever. It is not a magical substance and it must be clear to us that in general a cream or cosmetic product is not enough to slow down the aging of the skin. We can only achieve good results if we commit ourselves on several fronts, by eating right, doing lots of physical activity and hydrating ourselves. But let's not forget that never getting old is impossible, the important thing is to get old at best.

Glycolic acid: what it is

It is the smallest, but also the best known, of all alda-hydroxy acids, it is also called hydroxyacetic acid and has neither color nor smell but dissolves very easily in water. water. There is a particular chemical reaction that allows us to obtain this acid in the laboratory, but it is defined as a natural product because it can also be extracted in nature from some elements. From sugar cane and sugar beets, for example, but also from fruits such as pineapple, grapes, only if they are unripe, and from melon. There is also orange, to be mentioned, which together with the other citric acids is classified in the same category as glycolic acid.

Glycolic acid: where it is found

In over-the-counter products we find a concentration of this acid equal to 3% but we can see it present in other products in various concentrations. It is clear that when concentrations higher than 3% of glycolic acid are encountered, a medical prescription becomes necessary. The same dermatologists, in the clinical setting, use products with very high concentrations.

Returning to what we can buy directly, without any recipe, and which contains this acid, we find three types of product. The moisturizers, cleansing creams and peels.

Before delving into the characteristics of these products, it is good to specify that it is always necessary to associate them with a sunscreen because the acid causes sensitivity to the sun and, when using it following the directions, the top layer of the skin is gradually removed. We will therefore get a fresher and younger complexion.

Glycolic acid in the peeling

A very popular type of product is that of peeling. When they are based on glycolic acid, they are primarily used to remove the upper layer of the skin. Why on earth would you want to delete this layer? Why when we expose ourselves to the sun continuously and gradually, the rate at which old or dead skin cells leave the surface of the skin slows down. The result can be an aged-looking skin, at least on the surface which is the part we see and that everyone sees.

A peeling, therefore, in less than half an hour, in 15 or 20 minutes in general, can help us eliminate the layer of skin that ages us more than it should. It is usually necessary to repeat these treatments at least every two weeks for several months. Glycolic acid, while helping to remove premature aging cells, contributes to'Elimination of excess oil from the skin and contributes to the prevention of acne. In general, the skin tone improves, it becomes more shiny and fresh. In chemical peels that are usually used by dermatologists, this acid is present in concentrations ranging from 20 to 70 percent.

At first, after having carried out this type of treatment, it may happen that our skin looks like sunburned skin, it is necessary to be patient for a while and take into account that the skin after peeling is extremely sensitive. Another tip, for those who have never done a chemical peel, is to do tests on small portions of skin in order to monitor their reactions.

Always due to the fact that you go to eliminate superficial layers of skin, it is important to point out that when you go to treat acne, you initially get the opposite effect to the desired one. After the first few applications, with the removal of the superficial skin, acne will seem even more evident, but it is the way to speed up the healing process. It is therefore important to continue using the treatment to see improvement.

Glycolic acid: use

In addition to products for the skin treatment, we can find this acid also in others that have another type of use. It is present for example in degreasers or in products used to remove rust, in tanning and dyeing agents and in preservatives, such as in flavoring agents. We can also find this acid in inks and some paint additives.

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Video: How to Glycolic Peel at HOME (May 2021).