Italian scorpion: description and what to do in case of a scorpion bite. Identification and advice.
TheItalian scorpion, while presenting thepoison, it is almost harmless to humans. Thepoisonactive is present in small quantities, not enough to cause harm. Among the variousscorpionspresent in Italy there is the speciesEuscorpius italicus, commonly known asItalian scorpion.
TheItalian scorpionbelongs to the familyEuscorpiidae, is present in Italy, Switzerland, France, Turkey, Greece and North Africa. Hishabitatideal is given by old walls, stones, woodsheds, holes and ravines… It can be found in countryside areas and grassy fields, under rocks, stones and stones.
Mountainous areas, grasslands, countryside areas ... if you notice stones, ravines and walls, you can find refugeesItalian scorpions. Only rarelyItalian scorpion stings: it is not aggressive towards humans.
How big is the scorpion?
The length can reach between 5-6 cm. On average, however, thescorpionsthey are about 3.5 - 4.5 cm long. With this size, theItalian scorpionit is the largest species of the whole genusEuscorpius.
The sting of the Italian scorpion
Therescorpion stingit is very painful, but as specified in the introduction, it does not represent a danger to humans. With the sting, the scorpion releases a small amount of venom which causes intense but temporary pain. The smaller specimens are not even able to pierce human skin with their stingers.
Contrary to what many imagine, the scorpion does not sting with ipedipalps(i.e. with those two anterior appendages that look like claws), thesting of the scorpionit is located at the terminal end of the tail.
Black scorpion and white scorpion
We talk aboutblack scorpionorwhite scorpion... The adult's coloring is mainly black, with paler legs. If you notice onewhite scorpionvery small, it could be from the juvenile specimen. Developing scorpions are white. If sowhite scorpionit's big, it could be the speciesEuscorpius balearicus:in reality this species has never been documented in Italy, the white scorpion Euscorpius balearicus lives only in the Balearic Islands however, in the comparison forum, there are those who swear to have seen large white scorpions just like the Euscorpius balearicus species.
The Italian scorpion of the speciesEuscorpius italicusit is not the only oneScorpiowhich finds its natural habitat in Italy. The scorpions present on our territory are:
- Euscorpius italicus
- E. flavicaudis
- E. alpha
- E. range
- E. germanicus
- E. sicanus
- E. tergestinus
The Italian scorpions are solitary, if you find more than one, know that they unite only for the reproductive purpose. They are more active animals at night, they explore the territory and come out of their burrows with vivacity. On the contrary, during the day, they are almost motionless, taking refuge in crevices and under stones.
What do scorpions eat?
TheItalian scorpionas well as all the othersscorpionsof our territory, they are not voracious: they generally live, consume one or two meals a week and can fast for a month. What do scorpions eat?
They feed on flies, cockroaches, mosquitoes, grubs and small insects.
Yellow scorpion: Buthus occitanus
It is not an endemic species of our country, however, for some years in Italy the presence of theButhus occitanus,vaguely described as oneyellow scorpion.
The Buthus occitanus, in fact, is recognized for itsyellow colorand for the thinnest claws of theItalian scorpions. Compared to the Italian scorpions of the genusEuscorpius,theyellow scorpionit's more dangerous. Hispoisonit is more abundant and can cause a high fever that lasts for two or more days.
Theyellow scorpionit is present in Spain and France, which is why it is easier to find in the areas north-west of Italy, near the French border.
What to do in case of a scorpion sting
If there is a particular remedy for the jellyfish sting, the same cannot be said forItalian scorpion sting. Before you seewhat to doin case ofscorpion sting, let's see what not to do:don't suck the poison! Do not apply laces to the affected area, do not rub ... Conversely, if you had ascorpion bite, it can be useful:
- Apply pressure to expel the poison
- Apply ice previously wrapped in gauze to relieve pain and avoid damage from extreme exposure to cold
- Identify the scorpion *
It is true, theItalian scorpionsare harmless, however, as a precaution, it would be advisable to contact the nearest poison control center and identify thespeciesthat has youpoint.
Only when the affected area swells and causes particularly severe pain, can anti-edematous drugs or pain relievers be used. More attention should be paid to children.