Breeding dwarf rabbits: necessary space, nutrition and care. How the dwarf rabbit mating and reproducing. Useful tips for raising dwarf rabbits with optimal management.
THEdwarf rabbitsare among thedomestic bunniesmost popular: the small size allows it to be kept even in confined spaces but pay attention to the size of the cage. For the basic indications to start breeding a dwarf bunny (size of the cage, space, litter…) I refer you to the page dedicated to the domestic bunny. Today we will see all the details on the management of the dwarf rabbit breeding, in particular, we will see:
- The feeding of the dwarf rabbit (feed and fresh food allowed ...)
- Mating and reproduction
Let's start with the ABC: how to get familiar with a rabbit? Know that the dwarf bunny should never be grabbed by the ears or tail! To lift the rabbits in your small breeding, place one hand under the chest, just under the legs and lift it supporting it at the back with the other hand. You can "make friends" with the newcomer by treating him gently and ensuring him the right essential care, first of all, nutrition.
Hay is a good food base so much that it must never be missing in the rack. The best hay forbreeding dwarf rabbits?It is that of a polyphite meadow, that is, "made from different herbaceous species". It is better to avoid mono-species hay, such as alfalfa hay which, in the long run, can cause nutritional imbalances.
In feeding thedwarf rabbits, you can also introduce fresh grass and vegetables but in moderation and above all, not all vegetables are suitable.
If you have a garden in safety, you can use it to allow thedwarf bunnyto spend time in freedom. If yourbreeding of dwarf rabbitsit is outdoors, however, remember that the lawn or garden you have settled in must never be treated with chemicals.
Airabbitsyou can give scraps or whole portions of:
- Green bean
Instead, avoid giving peppers, onions, potatoes, eggplants, mushrooms, green parts of tomatoes ... Other precautions to follow: the digestive system of the dwarf rabbit is rather delicate at temperatures. If you have vegetables in the fridge, wait until they reach room temperature before feeding them.
Can fruit be given?
Only in minimal quantities because it is very rich in sugars.
Absolutely, rabbits must NOT eat kibble and dog or cat food, dairy products, bread, leavened foods, chocolate, cheese, other rodent feed, seeds or dried fruit.
Pelleted feed can be used as a supplement, no more than one tablespoon per day per animal, two tablespoons if the dwarf rabbit appears thin and worn out.
Breeding dwarf rabbits
Basic concepts: hay always available in the rack, pelleted food as a supplement and fresh food in moderation.
Keep in mind that each dwarf bunny drinks, on average, between 50 and 100ml of water per day. Organize your farm so that you can meet the water needs of each animal.
In the breeding of dwarf rabbits, much attention is paid tocoupling and, in general, to the reproduction of the dwarf rabbit.
The dwarf rabbit reaches a rather early sexual maturity although there are fluctuations between different breeds. Generalizing thedwarf rabbitsthey are ready for mating from the fourth month of life. If a particular period is expected for the mating of dogs and cats, the same cannot be said for the rabbit which can go into reproduction at any time of the year. The mating of dwarf rabbits lasts a few tens of seconds.
Dwarf rabbit mating
The sexually mature male is always ready for mating and if the female is available, it will take a few tens of seconds. Conversely, if the couple is young or the female is not ready, you will see escapes and small skirmishes that serve as a foreplay.
After mating (the male, at the time of coitus, emits a shrill sound), inbreeding dwarf rabbits, it is always recommended to separate the male from the female. In this way, the female can carry on the pregnancy without beingannoyedby the male who may want to repeat the act.
Therepregnancy of female dwarf rabbitlasts about 30 days. Weight gain is noticeable only in the last phase. The female, now isolated from other males, begins to prepare the nest only when she is ready to give birth, about 3 or 4 days before giving birth.
For the preparation of thenest of the pregnant dwarf rabbit, you will need to prepare clean and fine straw. To prepare the nest, the pregnant dwarf rabbit will use its hair: it is normal, therefore, to see the dwarf rabbit with some areas without hair. Delivery takes place in the calmest hours (therefore often during the night). During pregnancy, you will need to leave the dwarf rabbit as quiet as possible. The pregnancy should not be disturbed in any way.
Newborn dwarf bunnies
For the first three weeks, inewborn dwarf rabbitsthey feed only on mother's milk. Only from the fourth week do they begin to leave the nest and explore new places and tastes. Newborn dwarf rabbits can be removed from their mother around two months, when they are completely autonomous.