To talk about theRincospermum it is also necessary to mention jasmine as this plant is also called "false jasmine" even if its scientific name is Rhincospermum jasminoides. From this alone you can imagine at least in spans the appearance of this plant that we can find in many gardens, even if it is often mistaken for the more famous jasmine. Let's try to understand how to stop making this mistake only with a good spirit of observation.
Climbing and evergreen, this shrub produces gods very fragrant and white flowers that make us associate it with Jasmine. This feature makes it a perfect plant to embellish walls and railings but it can also be used for other purposes because it is able to cover a pergola or to constitute real separation hedges.
Native to of China, Japan, Korea and Vietnam and belonging to the Apocynaceae family, the rincospermo, Trachelospermum jasminoides, it has branches that can be semi-woody or herbaceous and that stretch even up to 10-12 meters.
In the vegetative period there are many leaves with a glossy surface and bright colors, usually green but which can also appear orange or reddish in particular cases, for example when they are found in environments with high humidity.
Twice every year, mostlybetween the months of May and July, but often also in August, the Rincospermum blooms at least twice and produces small white stars that decorate the branches.
We find this climbing plant especially close to walls, pergolas or gazebos because it is precisely in these contexts that it manages to give its best. The important thing, more generally, is that it is in places where it can fully enjoy the sunlight. At the same time, watering must be abundant in summer, even more so if this plant is in a pot and not in the ground. In winter just make sure that the earth is not dry but otherwise it is not necessary to regularly wet this plant that loves soils that are not very compact, well drained and rich in organic matter. During the growth phase we must support it with fertilizers rich in nitrogen, for the rest it is enough to use slow-release granular fertilizers specific for flowering plants.
Every year, or almost, it is necessary carry out a repotting, in spring, taking care to get a much larger pot and not recycling the soil.
Rincospermum: pruning and multiplication
In some moments a glance will be enough to understand that our Rincospermum needs to strengthen and thicken and it is the moment when it becomes necessary prune it. It must be done in a rather radical way, eliminating all dry branches and making a light topping of the young ones.
To multiply this plant it is necessary to use the tufts division procedure, if we are in winter, or that for semi-woody cutting, if we are in summer.
Cochineal and some fungal diseases such as fumaggine they are the worst enemies of this plant which is mainly affected in its foliage. When it undergoes an attack of fumaggine, for example, in the leaves are created clusters of real black dust that resembles the soot of the chimneys. This is the reason for the name. In these cases, to save our plant, we must carry out a periodic fungicide treatment and a leaf wash if attacked by fumaggini.
Beautiful and fragrant, but also poisonous. Yes, that's right, the leaves of this plant contain a latex, white viscous liquid, which turns out to be toxic to both parasites and pets. It is therefore better to be careful if you have pets at home. Ironically, this climbing plant has been recognized as a symbol of immortality.
Rincospermum and jasmine
The time has come now to reveal some tricks to learn how to distinguish Rhincospermum Trachelospermum from Jasmimum, to use their scientific names. We can already specify that they do not even belong to the same family of plants because the first is from the Apocynaceae family while the second, the true jasmine, belongs to the Oleaceae family.
Another difference lies in the use of these plants from a curative point of view. Both have properties that can be valuable for our health but in different ways. The rincospermo or false jasmine, it is used for the treatment of rheumatism or as an analgesic because it has properties related to the alkaloids of which it is composed, but it is absolutely forbidden to make a tea with its leaves.
The true jasmine instead it can certainly be used for herbal teas and infusions. It has very precious phytotherapeutic properties and its oil is used as an antidepressant and calming agent.
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