Wild cyclamen: information on cultivation, care, exposure and where to observe thewild cyclamen.
Thecyclamen, botanically known asCyclamen, is a genus of dicotyledonous spermatophyte plants of the Primulaceae family. Thecyclamenit is highly appreciated for its resistance to cold and for its ability to bloom between autumn and winter.
Thecyclamen "Vase" has large flowers that grow almost to form a large onenatural bouquet. Thewild cyclamenit is quite different, it has small flowers and can be grown in the garden as a border for flower beds in the shade or to surround large evergreen trees which with their foliage can provide the right shade throughout the year. Thewild cyclamenit blooms in late summer and its flowering continues until late winter. Wild cyclamen is the perfect flower to grow in shady areas, it is resistant to cold and disease.
As often happens in nature, thespecieswild are much more resistant than nursery ones. Thewild cyclamenit has the appearance of a small tuberous herb with very delicate pink flowers. Thewild cyclamenit's abulbous geophyte,this means that the plant sprouts, season after season, from a perennial bulb that produces leaves and flowers in the best conditions. To understand how to grow wild cyclamen and better manage this bulbous geophyte I invite you to read my guide article dedicated toflower beds of bulbous plants.
It is important to remember that thewild cyclamenit is a protected spontaneous species: if walking through wooded areas you are lucky enough to come across this splendid flower, admire it, take a picture of it but don't pick it up!
There are several spontaneous species of cyclamen, all called with the generic term "wild cyclamen“, That's why referring to the flowering period earlier I indicated such a long time frame. The cyclamen of the forest,cyclamen coumit blooms from December to March, the height of the plant is 7-8 cm and the flowers are up to 2 cm in size.
Thecyclamen repandum,shown in detail taken from my profileInstagram, is an equally resistant species that can grow up to 20 cm in height. The flower is unique and occurs between April and May.
Thewild cyclamenit grows well between a temperature range from 6 to 18 ° C, it can be said that it resists much better at temperatures close to 0 degrees than above 24 ° C. As for irrigation, iwild cyclamenthey love a moist soil but hate water stagnation. Cyclamen hederifolium blooms in late summer while those who prefer.
In nature iwild cyclamenthey can be observed in humid undergrowth, alone or gathered in groups. The photo above was taken in the undergrowth of Gola della Rossa and Frasassi Regional Natural Park. Remember that it is a protected species, so it is not possible to take the bulbs in nature.
The long-flowering cyclamen
The wild cyclamen it has a beautiful but very short flowering, usually 3 - 4 weeks. Among the cyclamen there are annual varieties that have a prolonged flowering of up to 3 - 4 months. Among these I point out the Cyclamen of Persia or Persicum Morel. The cultivation of this annual variety must be placed in a protected position, sheltered from the wind and heavy rains. The cyclamen of Persia it is resistant to cold and withstands frosts down to -2 ° C. It is appreciated for its long flowering and for the wide range of colors: the flowers can be red, violet, shaded, two-colored and there are also fragrant varieties.
You may also be interested in our related article Cyclamen: colors and characteristics
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