Blepharitis: causes and symptoms. Useful recommendations, the most effective and appropriate treatments to prevent, cure this annoying disorder that involves the health of the eyelid.
Blepharitis is an inflammation of the ciliary edge of the eyelid; it is among the most frequent problems involving vision and manifests itself with scales, scabs and ulcers in the most serious cases. Blepharitis can involve only one eye or both, especially the area where the lashes begin.
The causes may be different and apparently it is not yet clear what the decisive triggering event is. It often occurs in conjunction with an allergic event, but the cause can be traced to unclean make-up brushes, a streptococcal infection or perhaps a side reaction caused by drugs. Another trigger can be the presence of nickel in cosmetics, the presence of mites, lice or other parasites on the eyelashes.
Seborrheic dermatitis (a disease that causes dandruff to form in the scalp and eyebrows) can also irritate and clog the glands present.
Generally, this inflammation causes a little irritation and itching, but it can cause more severe symptoms:
- blurred vision
- loss of eyelashes
- inflammation of the cornea
- sensitivity to light
- Red eyes
- constant tearing
- swelling of the eyelids, which appear reddish and with a particularly greasy consistency
- eyelash changes: they grow in the wrong direction or are abnormal
- dry and flaky skin in the area near the eyes and on the eyelids
- sty in the area where the eyelashes grow. It is usually the result of an infection and causes a lot of discomfort
- sensation of foreign bodies in the eye
- cornea problems
At the first symptoms of this inflammation it is good to consult a specialist (ophthalmologist). Blepharitis is an inflammation that tends to become chronic if not treated properly! Through a thorough investigation and the taking of a sample, it will be possible to trace the type of agent that triggered this blepharitis. After the accurate medical tests, specific treatments will be performed.
If it is rosacea or seborrheic dermatitis, the treatment includes antibiotics to treat the bacterial infection. They are generally applied topically (using drops or creams), but they can also be administered orally. To reduce eye swelling, anti-inflammatories are used in the form of drops or ointments. In the case of dry eye syndrome, eye drops and artificial tears are recommended
Another important preventive treatment concerns personal cleanliness. Compliance with normal hygiene rules is vital to minimize the risk of any type of infection. In case of blepharitis, it is good to always keep the infected area clean, which consists in applying a wet compress or gauze on the eyelids for a few minutes. Once this is done, clean the edge of the eyelid by gently rubbing with another damp gauze. Finally, rinse the eye thoroughly with lukewarm water and dry gently with a clean towel.
Blepharitis, useful recommendations
If you are relapsing to this type of inflammation, it is good to arm yourself with patience and consistently follow certain rules
- Wash your hands well and often, especially before touching your eyes, trying to minimize this bad habit
- In case of itching, do not rub the eyelid with your hand. This habit favors inflammation, causing, over time, microlesions of the eyelid skin
- Clean make-up brushes thoroughly after each use
- Reduce sugars in your diet by preferring foods rich in omega 3 and good fats
- Limit drinks that contain caffeine: they can help irritate the eyes and thus amplify the symptoms caused by blepharitis.
- Avoid using eye makeup and contact lenses when the eyelids are inflamed
- If dandruff contributes to blepharitis, use an anti-dandruff shampoo
- If a family member or cohabitant has symptoms of probable blepharitis, but also of any other eye infection, avoid the mixed use of personal care items, sheets, clothing or pillowcases, to avoid contamination.