Skin rashes: what are the causes that trigger it, the symptoms and what are the most effective solutions to prevent and treat this annoying disorder.
A rash is a sudden and abnormal change in the color and texture of the skin, which becomes covered with spots or raised spots. It occurs following inflammation of the skin in the form of pustules, papules, scales, vesicles, ulcerations, boils or boils.
Rashes, the causes
The causes that determine the appearance of this skin inflammation can be attributed to various factors. The rash can be triggered, directly or indirectly, through:
- viral infections
Among the most frequent causes of skin rash we have eczema, one rinflammatory action of the skin that presents with light patches to later turn into vesicles and finally into crusts, even of large dimensions.
Other causes can be:
- the fire of St. Anthony
- herpes simplex
- the HIV virus
- the classic infectious diseases of children: measles, chicken pox, scarlet fever and rubella
- streptococcus, staphylococcus aureus
- the candida
- drug abuse
- insect bites.
The rash can cause pain, peeling and small swellings. among the most common symptoms we mention:
- Constant itching
- Redness of the skin
- Dry and flaking skin
- Formation of vesicles
Treatment varies according to the cause that triggered the skin inflammation. The most appropriate care is the responsibility of the specialist (dermatologist), who, based on the investigations collected, will be able to identify the cause that triggered the problem by observing the lesions. Given the complexity of the disorder, it is not recommended to resort to improvised or do-it-yourself therapies.
Today, there are several therapies to treat this disorder. In the case of mild diseases, the first recommendation is to follow correct habits that provide for adequate skin hygiene and a diet rich in vitamin E and vitamin C, for their antioxidant action.
In general, the therapies are pharmacological: ointments, soothing creams, anti-inflammatory corticosteroid drugs, antifungals, antibiotics and in the case of skin rashes caused by allergic reactions, the treatment involves the use of antihistamines.
In addition to drug treatment, it is possible to treat the rash using instrumental techniques, such as:
- Laser therapy: very suitable for small acne lesions
- Phototherapy: very effective in case of dermatitis and psoriasis. Attention, its use must be prescribed exclusively by the specialist.
Skin rashes, natural remedies
As already mentioned, at the first symptoms of skin irritation it is good to consult a specialist. In any case, it is possible to mitigate the symptoms of this disorder by making use of natural remedies that involve the use of products found in herbal medicine and natural ingredients that are easily found in the pantry
- Natural creams: creams based on calendula and arnica are effective to soothe the itch
- Decoctions based on burdock and heather: decoctions are also effective in relieving symptoms thanks to their purifying and decongestant action.
- Wraps with dried plantain leaves: they are a valid option in case of acne rush thanks to their astringent action
- Organic Coconut Oil: It is among the best natural remedies for calming rashes. It is rich in fatty acids, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals, substances useful for skin health
- Oatmeal: it is very suitable for calming skin rashes thanks to its powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect. Just make a mixture by adding a little distilled water. Apply directly to the rash, leaving it to act for about 20 minutes
- Jojoba oil: reduces the symptoms of skin rashes thanks to its anti-inflammatory and moisturizing action
- Chamomile essential oil: helps reduce irritation and accelerate the healing of red spots that cause burning thanks to its soothing properties
- Sodium bicarbonate: the multiple uses of this precious ingredient will never surprise us! It has beneficial properties that help restore the skin's pH. For this reason it is effective for calming rashes and allergies.
Skin rash, prevention
The rash can hardly be prevented but if it is mild episodes, there are some habits that we can follow to prevent this disorder:
- Avoid situations that lead to stress
- Do not wear irritating and synthetic fabrics and harsh chemicals, such as soaps, detergents and solvents
- Moisturize your skin every day
- Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day
- Avoid sudden changes in temperature and humidity
- Avoid situations that cause excessive sweating and overheating