How to get rid of aphidswithnatural remediesand DIY macerates. The most effective solutions to eliminate aphids from plants.
In the article we will illustrate how to get rid of aphids from plants. With the arrival of summer, our plants are more exposed to the attack of these tiny light green, black, orange or gray insects ... Aphids feed on the sap of our plants and release a sugary substance that attracts other parasitic insects.
The excess of sugary substances ingested by them, in fact, is expelled in the form of honeydew, a substance of which ants and other harmful insects are greedy. In addition, by sucking the sap, the plant weakens and becomes more exposed to viral or fungal diseases.
The weakening of the plant, in most cases, determines the appearance of fungi that make photosynthesis in plants more difficult. The result? The plant begins to deteriorate quickly.
There are also some species of aphids that easily migrate from one plant to another as they have wings: this involves the transmission of various viruses. Aphids behave as vectors of diseases from one plant to another.
On sale we find several specific products to eliminate aphids but they prove to be harmful to the environment. Fortunately, we can use the natural remediesand aiDIY insecticide, based on ingredients easily available at home. The preparations that we will see are effective and easy to prepare, they are harmless to the environment and, in addition, they do not risk causing other collateral damage.
Prevention is better than cure… infestations!
Aphids take root in a warm and humid environment, but they can't stand rain, low temperatures and strong winds.
Their presence is also favored by poor air circulation between plants and inadequate irrigation.
To preventattacks of aphidsperform the classic tree pruning. The vegetation should not be stuffy or create areas that are too dense. With proper pruning, the entire plant will be able to receive the right amount of air.
If possible, after pruning the plant, move it to a sunny position until the aphid infestation has returned.
If you have more plants, even if they have not yet been infested by mites, for preventive purposes, carry out treatments by applying the preparations that we will describe shortly.
How to get rid of aphids, natural remedies
There is no shortage of immediate solutionsremedies"Mechanical" such as:
- Eliminate the aphids manually, using gloves and a cotton swab.
- Deliver a strong jet of water, without neglecting the underside of the leaves.
- Directly cut the affected part, in case of limited presence.
For eliminate aphidswe can resort to do it yourself natural remedies. Macerates can be very useful and, for this purpose, we will need a spray bottle to spray the home preparations on the affected plant. Let's see, in detail, what we can do at home with DIY.
Preparation based on Marseille soap
The preparation consists in dissolving 60 g of Marseille soap in flakes in 3 liters of hot water. When the water has cooled, pour the liquid into the spray bottle and spray on the plant to be treated. This treatment is effective for moderate infestations.
Macerated with garlic
Take 100 grams of garlic and finely grind them then mix them in 8 liters of water; the mixture should be stored in a container with a lid. Once this is done, leave to macerate for about three days. After this time, filter the mixture and pour it into a spray bottle. Spray on the plants without neglecting any leaves.
The macerates of nettle, wormwood and chilli are also very effective. The best time to do this is in the morning or late afternoon, avoiding the hottest hours of the day.
Aphids have several natural enemies, such as beetles, ladybugs, hoverfly larvae and chrysopid. Earwigs can also be a good ally against aphids.
How to get rid of aphids with pyrethrum
If the macerates do not work because the infestation has now reached its peak, here is the remedy that's right for you. The pyrethrum, before being ainsecticide, it is a plant, which is why it can be considered a 100% natural remedy like the garlic macerate.
Its active ingredient, pyrethrin, is very effective in counteracting most of the vegetable and garden pests,aphids included. The treatment against aphids it should be performed in the evening, after sunset, so the sun will not be able to affect the effectiveness of its active ingredient which, being natural, is not persistent like other synthetic chemical molecules.
Thepyrethrumis effective against:
1. aphids and plant lice
2. pentatomides such as crop bugs and green bugs
4. myrides as the vector of the potato mosaic virus
6. white fly
9. common fly and mosquitoes
10. many other plant parasitic insects
There are several pyrethrum-based insecticides on the market, they can be purchased in the form of powder, spray or concentrated liquid solution, to be diluted with water before use. L'natural insecticide pyrethrum-based can be purchased at specialized garden centers or can be purchased online: a package of Solabiol Piretro Actigreen Bio is offered on Amazon at a price of € 15.25 with free shipping. For all the info, I refer you to the official Amazon product page: Actigreen Bio Liquid solution.
Unfortunately many people are convinced that pyrethrum is not effective but in reality they are only wrong to use it!
Pyrethrin is a photosensitive substance (it deactivates in direct sunlight), therefore, especially in liquid form, pyrethrum-based insecticides should be used in the late afternoon. Only in this way can this pesticide manifest its effects and remove the most harmful aphids!