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The survival of all humanity also depends on the salvation of the planet. The WWF who, through an online petition, has launched a specific request to the Italian Government: that of acting as spokesperson at the International Criminal Court to ask to include environmental crimes among crimes against humanity, like genocide, war crimes and crimes of aggression.
The request of the Environmental Association takes its steps starting from the very recent events that have affected the Amazon.
As the WWF explains in the text of the petition, from the beginning of 2019 to date the net percentage of forest area in the Amazon land has increased by as much as 150 percent compared to the trends of the last ten years. But the irreparable damage inflicted on the planetary environmental heritage does not stop there. To the list are added the critical conditions of the oceans, polar ice, permafrost and all the great natural systems that perform crucial functions for the salvation of mankind.
WWF's thinking is clear and firm: illegally destroying and exploiting our natural resources must be considered a crime against humanity. For this reason, through the petition, the Association invites the Italian Government to initiate the procedure to ask the Secretary of the International Criminal Court for an amendment to the "Statute", in order to include the "Environmental crimes against humanity ".
As the WWF points out, in fact, in order to guarantee a future for humanity, it is now urgent to take action on a global level, obtaining "the maintenance of the complex and delicate dynamic balances of our complex Planet Earth which have allowed the achievement of human civilization”.
In international law, the Earth cannot therefore be considered a simple "unidentified legal object" but a "collective good", the common home of humanity.
The alarms launched globally on the harmful effects ofanthropogenic action, very often conducted illegally, are now on the agenda. Collective goods such as water, air, soil, forests, climate and living species are often irreversibly damaged. Human activities are now putting at risk strategic systems on which the proper functioning of the whole depends biosphere, including the Amazon. Impacting these vital systems for the survival of the entire world society is, according to the Association, in effect a crime against humanity.
It is therefore time to change course, explains the WWF, and "to fill a regulatory gap that finally gives relevance to those environmental disasters that go beyond national jurisdiction”.
What is the International Criminal Court
There International Criminal Court, or International Criminal Court - ICC, is a court for international crimes based in The Hague, the Netherlands. The competence of this special court is limited to the most serious crimes affecting the international community as a whole, namely genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and the crime of aggression.
The international treaty founding the Court is Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, also called the Statute of the International Criminal Court or, simply, Rome Statute.