Wasp sting: how to recognize and treat it

Wasp sting: how to recognize and treat it

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There wasp sting it is an annoying and painful inconvenience which, in some cases, can have quite serious implications. But how to recognize a wasp sting? And above all, what are the most effective remedies?

Symptoms of a wasp sting

As for the main ones symptoms of a wasp sting... considering that wasps are poisonous, if they sting you you will know immediately!

The wasp stings cause a local reaction that can make you feel an intense burning in the area of ​​the sting, accompanied by pain, redness, swelling and itching. Local reactions are however mild, so much so that most people do not even need specific medical treatment.

As for its appearance, you are likely to see a small sting in the center of the pain and burning area. The sting may also have generated a small drop of blood in the center, indicating where the sting entered. Redness and swelling from mild local reactions gradually improve over the course of hours, while a more severe local reaction can take several days to improve.

Allergic reactions to wasp stings

As we have commented in the last few lines, wasp stings are painful but usually not dangerous. Unfortunately, however, some people have an allergy to insects and wasp venom, resulting in much more serious symptoms, although the severity of a reaction is able to vary from person to person and, therefore, cannot be summarized in homogeneous behaviors.

Having clarified this, the signs of a slight allergic reaction typically include hives near the sting site and elsewhere on the body, while some people also experience a slight drop in blood pressure, with mild dizziness. Only in some particularly rare, but evidently more serious cases, the wasp sting results in an anaphylactic reaction, with breathing difficulties that can lead to failure and death.

So try to pay close attention to all symptoms of an allergic reaction to wasp venom, which include swelling of the lips, mouth or tongue, rapid heartbeat, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain. In this case, it is essential to seek prompt medical assistance.

Read also: Asian hornet, sightings and advice

What to do in case of a wasp sting

Now that we have variously described what the symptoms and consequences of a wasp sting are, we can take care of understanding what to do if a wasp stings you.

Well, the first thing to do is wash the stung area with water and soap. The area must be kept particularly clean, repeating this habit every day until it heals, in order to prevent skin infection, which is obviously more serious than a puncture.

Then apply a cold compress to relieve pain and swelling. Wrap the cold pack in a towel and place it over the sting for 10 minutes, alternating with a 10-minute break and, therefore, with new applications. If the sting occurred in the leg or arm, keep this part of your body up high.

So if you have a allergic reaction, take an antihistamine right away. If you are aware of an allergy, it is a good habit to carry epinephrine (generally available in portable "pens", for all those who run the risk of being stung in an allergy situation) if you have a history of a severe allergic reaction to wasp venom. The medicine must be administered immediately after the sting, to avoid the already mentioned anaphylactic reaction.

In case you want to reduce pain, it may be useful to use an over-the-counter pain reliever such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. However, remember that for most people the discomfort and pain generated by the sting will not be so great as to require the use of a painkiller.

In short, the wasp sting it can be a very unpleasant situation, but only rarely worrying for one's well-being. Of course, if you have had an anaphylactic reaction to wasp venom, ask your doctor about the allergens you need to take with you, so that this does not endanger your health or that of loved ones.

Video: Wasp Sting Insect Sting Allergies: Causes, Diagnosis, Symptoms, Treatment, Prognosis (May 2022).