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You are wondering how to grow hyacinths? Well, hyacinth bulbs need to be planted in the fall and bloom in the spring. But that's not enough: here are a series of tips for planting and growing hyacinths at home and in the garden!
What are hyacinths
THE hyacinths they are now available in a rich variety of colors, from bright pink to soft blue. These flowers are historically highly prized for their sweet and persistent scent, and traditionally symbolize fun, dynamism and the will to live (although the meanings depend on the color of the flower).
Hyacinths are perennial bulbs and are often planted directly in the ground outdoors, although they can also be effective in indoor gardens, especially during the winter.
How to grow hyacinths outdoors
Start with planting i bulbs of hyacinth in autumn, before the first autumn frost. Plant the bulbs about 10 centimeters deep and at least 7 centimeters away from each other.
In order to promote growth, try to sow in well-drained, moderately fertile soil, in the sun or partial shade. Before planting, loosen the soil and work with compost to make it more fertile.
Place the bulb in the hole you created, naturally with the tip pointing up. After planting and covering with soil, water thoroughly. If you are transplanting, water more sparingly and then don't water again until the flower buds have appeared, the following year.
Warning: Hyacinth bulbs contain a substance called oxalic acid, which can be irritating to the skin. So use gloves when handling these bulbs for extended periods.
Read also: 45 white flowers you will love forever
How to grow hyacinths indoors
THE bulbs of hyacinth they can be forced to early growth if you prefer to grow them indoors, in view of winter. Try to follow the instructions we have reported above for outdoor cultivation, with soil in containers, with drainage holes.
Store in a dark place at temperatures above freezing but not above 7 degrees for at least 10 weeks to allow the roots to develop. When the shoots are about 2.5 centimeters long, gradually increase the light and temperature. Water carefully, avoiding wetting the shoots or watering the soil. The soil must be moist, but not wet!
After flowering, the hyacinths grown in this way can be transplanted into the garden, to bloom again in the following years.
How to care for hyacinths
After the hyacinths have bloomed, in late spring, cut off the flower stems, but let the leaves die off naturally. Plants need their foliage to gather energy for next year's flowering.
Hyacinth bulbs don't like having a wet underside, so you'll need to make sure they don't get watered too often. Too much moisture can cause rot! However, if autumn is very dry in your area, you can water occasionally. Protect potted plants from excessive winter humidity by keeping them covered or moving them to a sheltered area.
Diseases of geraniums
The bulbs are prone to gray mold and rot if they are too wet. Therefore try not to overdo it with watering.
What to do after flowering
Outdoors, after the hyacinths have finished flowering, cut the flower stems, but do not remove the foliage. The bulbs need the leaves to gather energy for next year's flowering. At the end of the spring season, the foliage dies naturally, at which point it can be easily removed.
Hyacinth bulbs can remain in the ground all year round in most planting areas. If winter temperatures do not drop below 16 degrees, the bulbs should be extracted in the fall and refrigerated in a cool, dry area for six to eight weeks. Hyacinths require a colder period of time to bloom.
Inside of, on the other hand, hyacinth bulbs that have finished flowering inside can be transplanted into the garden. After flowering, they need time to collect the energy for next year's blooms, so they don't have to be stored directly in storage. After their foliage dies outdoors, the hyacinth bulbs can be brought inside and stored in a cool, dark and dry place until autumn or winter.
Poisonousness of hyacinth bulbs
Many people who have pets at home wonder if i hyacinth bulbs are poisonous to cats and dogs. Well, the answer is positive: hyacinth bulbs are poisonous to pets! Many spring flowers, such as hyacinths and daffodils, contain a compound that can cause stomach and respiratory problems, as well as skin irritation. This substance - calcium oxalate - is most concentrated in the bulbs, but is also found in the foliage and flowers of the hyacinth plant. Keep hyacinths out of the reach of curious pets and children, and wear gloves when handling hyacinth bulbs for long periods of time. The upside to hyacinth toxicity is that common garden pests, such as rodents, won't be tempted to eat your hyacinth bulbs!
We hope these tips will be useful for you to improve your knowledge of hyacinths and related cultivation methods. Of course, since these are merely introductions to this important gardening topic, we recommend that you talk to an experienced grower and florist so you can improve the yield of your green thumb efforts.
We are confident that with a little effort you will be able to achieve remarkable results!