With the arrival of the new year, we can put the good intentions of taking better care of our piece of land. Therefore, cultivate your own garden, both metaphorically and literally. So here it is what to do in the garden in January, very important month for those who want to obtain abundant production a few months later.
What to do in the garden in January: soil
If we have not installed heated greenhouses but have a classic vegetable garden that has to obey the seasons, we will dedicate ourselves to cleaning and preparation work. Yes, they are perhaps not the most fun and give relative satisfaction but adjusting the environment for the new season is essential and saves us a lot of hassle later.
Before sowing it is necessary to prepare the soil. This means, for example, removing all the dry plants that may have remained from the previous year and starting the first basic fertilizations. The cold and the wait will have created a kind of crust on the surface, we must break it and check that the ground is not yet frozen. If not, we can already fertilize by trying to put organic substances a few centimeters deep.
We rearrange the mulch that we have removed ourselves or that the weather has ruined in the previous months.
In autumn, sometimes green manure crops such as winter spinach or mustard, or even facelia. It is used to carry out green fertilization but January is the time to remove them to bury them and let them decompose.
What to do in the garden in January: sowing
If we already have in mind what we will sow in the following months, and if not it is time to make plans, we must prepare the spaces and also the seeds to use. in spring.
In the meantime, in our heated seedbed we can start to start some types of plants, here they are divided according to the influence of the moon. If it is waning it is time for lettuce and cabbage, in the jars, while at home we should put the lamb's lettuce, radicchio and lettuce, both for cutting. As soon as you pass into the waxing moon phase, you pass to eggplant, pepper, tomato and even basil which all go into the jars while there will be agretto, rocket and radish.
All this is valid if it no longer freezes, if instead the temperatures can go down below zero better to wait so as not to compromise or damage the upcoming season.
If we have any fruit trees in the garden, we can take care of them too or plant new ones. To help them take root, we need to use the harnessing technique. This is an operation that is applied to bare-rooted tree plants, therefore fruit trees but also shrubs and roses. January and February are the right months because they precede the time of planting. The aim is to revitalize the roots in a short time after they have spent a lot of time in the air and have dehydrated. A kind of veil is formed that protects them on one side and on the other provides immediately assimilable nutrients so that the plant can take root immediately. There is no question of fertilization, a technique that must be used later, when the plants have already been planted.
For more information, you may also be interested in the dedicated article: What to do in the garden in January
What to collect in the garden in January
Let's not forget that January is also a month of harvest, nature always knows how to surprise us with its own cyclical nature. If we want satisfaction this month too, here's what to host in the garden. January it is possible to collect: Chard, Catalonia, Cauliflower, Brussels sprouts and Cabbage, still cabbage with black cabbage and Savoy cabbage. In January we also have fennel and leeks, radicchio and endive, celeriac and radishes, spinach and the tasty Jerusalem artichoke.
It's not over, too trees they give us satisfactions in the form of apples, oranges, mandarins, mandarin oranges, pears and grapefruits. Although we only have a balcony available, herbs come to our aid with thyme, rosemary, oregano, sage and bay leaves.
Books to cultivate the vegetable garden
If we are a beginner and want a guide for the our vegetable garden we can buy this, available on Amazon for less than 15 euros. It is a carefully packaged volume, especially for those who want to understand what to do and when. Of course, it is not only valid for January but for all months of the year and for all subsequent years. There is information and advice for beginners but also for those who are already getting along and maybe want to improve or explore new crops after years of routine.
In this book we don't talk about it but I remember that grow vegetables it is a practice that has many benefits for our body and our mood and starting in January to deal with it with a practical and enterprising spirit could be the choice we have been waiting for a long time to make.