Dipladenia, evergreen climbing plant native toCentral and South America that produces colorful flowers cheering up our gardens and surrounding walls and walls, public and private places that host it with colorful waterfalls. It is not difficult to grow and with a few tricks and a lot of love, we will obtain abundant flowering. And also delicately scented.
Dipladenia: plant and cultivation
If grown in loose, well-drained and very rich in organic matter soils the Dipladenia it grows and blooms serenely and needs pruning quite frequently as it is a climbing plant with a rather rapid growth.
Since the flowers are formed on new branches, the advice is to cut them in autumn, before withdrawing the plant, confident that the following spring we will be able to see ours. Luxuriant and flowery dipladenia again. Especially in summer we must be careful that the soil does not dry out, furthermore, pruning in early spring as well as in autumn should not be forgotten to prevent the plant from wooding too much in the lower part and then losing the leaves.
It should be watered regularly, but not too much, especially in winter, and for better flowering we can use the fertilizer for flowering plants every 10 days from March to October while in the winter season it is good once a month, no need to exaggerate.
Coming from South America there Dipladenia was once part of the genus Mandevilla and only recently has it begun to represent a genus in itself, mainly because those who cultivated it had noticed that there were different climatic needs among the plants of the same category.
It remained a misunderstanding then, and today the Dipladenia it is also known as mandevilla splendens belongs to the family of Apocynaceae and is successful beyond the confusion over the name. Its strong points are the fact that it grows fast and is resistant, and it also has an extended flowering period, from spring to autumn, almost non-stop in those months.
With its thin and fleshy stems, the Dipladenia grows rapidly and is usually grown in hanging pots or as a climber. In this second case it is necessary, or at least it is welcome, to provide racks or braces, nets or accessories that help this plant to cling with its tendrils to a support. We can also think of a very artistic arch.
When it is in a vase, however, Dipladenia forms waterfalls as if it were one Surfinia. The approximately 30 existing and widespread species are usually treated as climbers, however, complete with bushy lianas, ready to reach even 3 meters or more in height. Not very suitable for apartments, therefore.
As not mentioned, here is a variety of Dipladenia suitable for pots and who loves being a guest of our apartments. It's this one Dipladenia Sudaville and it came out at the end of the 1900s when we began to desire the beautiful flowers of this plant in our rooms as well as in the garden.
Indoor or outdoor, the Dipladenia it remains generous in its flowering with points of red or pink, white and variegated that go alongside the intense green leaves. When we have a Dipladenia at home we try to place it where there is light, in full sun, even if they tolerate even half shade, being careful in winter not to bring them close to the heatyou was.
Among all the types of Dipladenia surely the best is the red one. Aesthetically, it is the most lively and decisive, in the garden it forms beautiful bright spots that cheer and welcome every guest. Beyond the color, however, the flowers are always fragrant: even pink or white ones, always with theirs classic lemon yellow throat.
The flower of the Dipladenia it appears in spring next to the oval, dark, glossy and thick leaves, bringing more cheerful colors. Usually it forms a waterfall and its shape is that called "a trumpet", or bell, but each opens the 5 lobes. The flower it meets the others in racemes and follows the annual calendar of the plant to which it belongs.
In climatic conditions such as those in Italy, usually from May to October you can count on flowering: this is the period in which we must provide for irrigation, vaporization and fertilization. Once autumn has arrived, the Dipladenia pruning it and leaving it in a slightly humid environment until April when it must be repotted to be ready to bloom again.
We avoid arranging the plant in a completely shady place if we don't want her to be shy or stingy in producing flowers, leaving us alone many green leaves.
This is not a weak plant creeper Dipladenia but certainly not invincible: its enemies are mainly mites, aphids and cochineal. It is rarely a victim of insects or parasites, though.
If we place this plant in direct sun and in a too dry environment, the mites they arrive at the attack and it is first necessary to move it to a less exposed and hot area by increasing the ambient humidity, then we can resort to acaricides if we do not see improvements.
There cochineal it usually occurs when the exposure is too shady: we start removing the insects with cotton swabs soaked in alcohol, then if anything we move on to heavier remedies.
Dipladenia in winter
If we live in a place where we first enjoy mild winters, the Dipladenia it can also be grown in the open ground in the garden, but it is essential to reserve it in very bright positions, even in the sun. It does not like frost very much and is not at ease below 5-8 ° C, better to withdraw it at home if we realize that the days become too cold. It may happen that lose leaves in winter but they will come back in spring, together with the flowers.
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