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It takes its name from the regions where it was born, those of Ivanovo and Vladimir, and it is a horse whose history is intertwined with that of Russia, especially alongside it in work, agriculture and trade. The Vladimir horse born from the crosses between different horses among which we can recognize the Suffolk, the Cleveland Bay, the Percheron and the Ardennesi who were joined in the following centuries also by the Clydesdale and Shire. Today, as we can see them, Vladimirs are horses that look a lot like Shire even if they are much smaller because they measure about 160 cm, not 170 and more. In common the two horses have extreme power, a muscular body and at the same time harmonious.
Vladimir horse: origins
It all stems from the need to have robust animals that would help the inhabitants of those regions in the fields, above all, and to transport food. There was already the workhorse but in the period of Ivan the Terrible Heavy horses began to be imported from the south and west, crossing them with local horses and selecting the largest and most structured horses for breeding in the palace stables.
It was only the beginning of an impressive selection work in the Vladimir Opole area, about 200-300 miles from Moscow, where the local population was dedicated tohorse breeding with strong passion and in fact it is precisely here that our breed flourishes. How come in this region of all those agricultural of Russia? Because it is characterized by a fertile but extremely heavy soil. Help was really needed, a strong, tough workhorse with a muscular physique.
Later, in the eighteenth century, the scenario in Russia also changed, cities began to grow and populate and it became more necessary than ever to be able to move and be able to move goods. The demand for carriages and therefore also for horses able to transport them without too much effort grew and the breeding flocked and the selection continued until the creation of the heavy Vladimir breed, not today's one which was officially registered in 1946. modern standards were the English Shire and also the Suffolk, also crossed with the local work horse.
Vladimir horse: characteristics
Less impressive than the Shire, the Vladimir horse is still a massive horse that can even weigh in adulthood 800 Kg, at six months already at 200 kg. It is a draft animal with a large, wide and long head, very well defined and with a straight or arched profile. The ears stick out but are small, the eyes bright and wide apart and the nostrils wide. The neck is not particularly long but strong and arched, with a broad attachment at the base, on strong and sloping shoulders.
The chest of our animal is quite broad with non-protruding ribs, the chest is deep and a well-rounded abdomen. The withers are pronounced and long, in continuity with the neck while the line of the lumbar back is straight and of medium length. The back is slightly saddled while the croup is well defined, oblique, with a rather high junction of the tail. Let's move on to the limbs that can only be very muscular, with good aplomb: the forearms are sturdy and the shins solid while the hocks are elastic and equipped with large and resistant tendons. They end with feet wide with healthy, elastic and consistent hoof nail.
Vladimir horse: cloak
In the breed standard, all simple cloaks, including the dark bay, even if it is not the most frequent, the most common specimens are in fact sauro, black and gray. It may happen that there are also white spots on the coat (stars and lists) especially on the head and in the lower part of the limbs (balzane). On the limbs, as well as in the mane and thing, i hairs are thick and long.
Vladimir horse: character
Known for their balanced and calm disposition, Vladimir horses are animals raised in exchange and therefore also a lotrustic and not particularly demanding. This means that they adapt very quietly to life in the fields and even Spartan living conditions. They establish a good relationship with man, show themselves docile and obedient and know how to behave well even with children. It is only necessary to be a little careful with the foals who can sometimes show themselves a little impetuous but growing well bred, they calm down.
Vladimir horse, racehorse
Born as a working animal, used in the fields and then to drag carriages with people or very heavy goods, the horse Vladimir has been able to recycle itself as race and competition horse.
Vladimir boasts an absolute record for urgent delivery of trotting goods, think that without a load he was able to reach a distance of 1600 meters in 3 minutes at a trot, while with a load of 1.5 tons he could travel 2000 meters in 5 minutes. This great gift of his has been widely noticed and used in other contexts, not always working but also related to the world of equestrian sport.
Many are the Vladimir who have acquired more and more prestige competitions with carriages and other means of towing and there are specially trained to win. Alternatively we find this breed very used in equestrian centers in which riding lessons are held and organizing walks and trekking on horseback not so much for its speed as for its meek and very obedient character.
You may also be interested in our related articles on the following horse breeds:
- Haflinger horse
- Gypsy horse
- Clydesdale horse