While in the globe there is talk of energy efficiency new directives arrive in europe. After several months of negotiations, the institutions (Parliament, Council and Commission) reached an agreement in principle on the measure. The new directive onenergy efficiency it does not satisfy environmentalists.
The goal is to reduce energy consumption by 20% by 2020 and compared to 1990. In other words, the goal is based on a mere policy of energy saving through efficiency measures, the most striking example is that ofenergy efficiency in the home which translates into the low consumption light bulb instead of the incandescent one. In fact, we have to think on a large scale and certainly not at home, there are 27 member countries and, despite the intentions, the goal set is still far away!
The target set by 2020 provides for a saving of 368 million tons of oil equivalent and, with the current measures in force, it is estimated that save only half of the set goal. The latest agreement made painstakingly confirmed cuts of 17% on consumption in 2020, due to the opposition of several governments, the base was rather low, around 13%.
Energy efficiency in Europe. Between pride and dissatisfaction
“We fought like lions - commented the Danish Minister of Energy, Martin Lidegaard -. We started from 13% and got to 17%. It is a goal we are proud of ".
Sure that from 13 percent to 17 percent is a big leap, however, as Friends of the Earth Europe's Brook Riley (quoted by Euractiv) explained, the more ambitious measures have been rounded off on each side. The result is a weak text, lacking the initial momentum of the Commission.
Until 2020, each Member State will have to draw up a national plan forenergy efficiency, the first in 2014, then in 2017 and 2020. Brussels will have the task of supervising to ensure that the projects are respected. A binding measure touches Italy more closely where the energy certification of buildings runs off! The constraint concerning the energy requalification of public buildings provides for the renovation of at least 3% of the buildings with a total surface area exceeding 500 square meters, an area that will drop to 250 in 2020.
Initially this obligation was to include all public administration building structures, with the new directive the obligation will apply only to buildings occupied by institutions of central governments and owned by them.